Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 485, 4559-4572 (2019/June-1)
Online radio interferometric imaging: assimilating and discarding visibilities on arrival.
CAI X., PRATLEY L. and McEWEN J.D.
Abstract (from CDS):
The emerging generation of radio interferometric (RI) telescopes, such as the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), will acquire massive volumes of data and transition radio astronomy to a big-data era. The ill-posed inverse problem of imaging the raw visibilities acquired by RI telescopes will become significantly more computationally challenging, particularly in terms of data storage and computational cost. Current RI imaging methods, such as CLEAN, its variants, and compressive sensing approaches (i.e. sparse regularization), have yielded excellent reconstruction fidelity. However, scaling these methods to big-data remains difficult if not impossible in some cases. All state-of-the-art methods in RI imaging lack the ability to process data streams as they are acquired during the data observation stage. Such approaches are referred to as online processing methods. We present an online sparse regularization methodology for RI imaging. Image reconstruction is performed simultaneously with data acquisition, where observed visibilities are assimilated into the reconstructed image as they arrive and then discarded. Since visibilities are processed online, good reconstructions are recovered much faster than standard (offline) methods that cannot start until the data acquisition stage completes. Moreover, the online method provides additional computational savings and, most importantly, dramatically reduces data storage requirements. Theoretically, the reconstructed images are of the same fidelity as those recovered by the equivalent offline approach and, in practice, very similar reconstruction fidelity is achieved. We anticipate that online imaging techniques, as proposed here, will be critical in scaling RI imaging to the emerging big-data era of radio astronomy.
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
methods: data analysis - methods: numerical - techniques: image processing - techniques: interferometric
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