Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 485, 4893-4905 (2019/June-1)
Rapid destruction of protoplanetary discs due to external photoevaporation in star-forming regions.
NICHOLSON R.B., PARKER R.J., CHURCH R.P., DAVIES M.B., FEARON N.M. and WALTON S.R.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyse N-body simulations of star-forming regions to investigate the effects of external far- and extreme-ultraviolet photoevaporation from massive stars on protoplanetary discs. By varying the initial conditions of simulated star-forming regions, such as the spatial distribution, net bulk motion (virial ratio), and density, we investigate which parameters most affect the rate at which discs are dispersed due to external photoevaporation. We find that disc dispersal due to external photoevaporation is faster in highly substructured star-forming regions than in smooth and centrally concentrated regions. Subvirial star-forming regions undergoing collapse also show higher rates of disc dispersal than regions that are in virial equilibrium or are expanding. In moderately dense (∼100 M☉ pc–3) regions, half of all protoplanetary discs with radii >=100 au are photoevaporated within 1 Myr, three times faster than is currently suggested by observational studies. Discs in lower density star-forming regions (∼10 M☉ pc–3) survive for longer, but half are still dispersed on short time-scales (∼2 Myr). This demonstrates that the initial conditions of the star-forming regions will greatly impact the evolution and lifetime of protoplanetary discs. These results also imply that either gas giant planet formation is extremely rapid and occurs before the gas component of discs is evaporated, or gas giants only form in low-density star-forming regions where no massive stars are present to photoevaporate gas from protoplanetary discs.
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
methods: numerical - protoplanetary discs - photodissociation region (PDR) - open clusters and associations: general
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