Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 486, 1658-1666 (2019/June-3)
Is there a fundamental acceleration scale in galaxies?
CHANG Z. and ZHOU Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
Milgrom's modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) can explain well the mass discrepancy problem in galaxy without invoking dark matter. The MOND theory predicts a universal constant acceleration scale in galaxy, below which the Newtonian dynamics is no longer valid. Recently, Rodrigues et al. analysed 193 high-quality disc galaxies by using Bayesian inference and they concluded that the probability of existence of a fundamental acceleration scale is essentially 0. In this paper, we use the same method to revisit the same question: Is there a fundamental acceleration scale in galaxies? We fit each galaxy rotation curve of 175 SPARC galaxies with Gaussian priors on galaxy parameters and a variable acceleration scale. After marginalizing over the nuisance parameters, we find that the marginalized posterior distributions of the acceleration scale become broad. The incompatibility between the global best fit and the marginalized posterior distributions of the acceleration scale is greatly reduced. However, there still exists evidence that rejects MOND as a fundamental theory. More accurate observations are needed to exclude or confirm the existence of a fundamental acceleration scale in galaxies.