SIMBAD references

2019MNRAS.486L..10D - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 486, L10-L14 (2019/June-2)

The distances to star clusters hosting Red Supergiants: χ Per, NGC 7419, and Westerlund 1.


Abstract (from CDS):

Galactic, young massive star clusters are approximately coeval aggregates of stars, close enough to resolve the individual stars, massive enough to have produced large numbers of massive stars, and young enough for these stars to be in a pre-supernova state. As such these objects represent powerful natural laboratories in which to study the evolution of massive stars. To be used in this way, it is crucial that accurate and precise distances are known, since this affects both the inferred luminosities of the cluster members and the age estimate for the cluster itself. Here we present distance estimates for three star clusters rich in Red Supergiants (χ Per, NGC 7419, and Westerlund 1) based on their average astrometric parallaxes {bar}π in Gaia Data Release 2, where the measurement of {bar}π is obtained from a proper-motion screened sample of spectroscopically confirmed cluster members. We determine distances of d=2.25+0.16–0.14 kpc, d=3.00+0.35–0.29 kpc, and d=3.87+0.95–0.64 kpc for the three clusters, respectively. We find that the dominant source of error is that in Gaia's zero-point parallax offset πZP, and we argue that more precise distances cannot be determined without an improved characterization of this quantity.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): stars: evolution - stars: massive - supergiants - open clusters and associations: individual: Westerlund 1 - open clusters and associations: individual: NGC7419 - open clusters and associations: individual: kh Per

Simbad objects: 7

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