Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 487, 4870-4883 (2019/August-3)
Dust in and around galaxies: dust in cluster environments and its impact on gas cooling.
VOGELSBERGER M., McKINNON R., O'NEIL S., MARINACCI F., TORREY P. and KANNAN R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Simulating the dust content of galaxies and their surrounding gas is challenging due to the wide range of physical processes affecting the dust evolution. Here we present cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of a cluster of galaxies, M200,crit=6 ×1014 M☉, including a novel dust model for the moving mesh code AREPO. This model includes dust production, growth, supernova-shock-driven destruction, ion-collision-driven thermal sputtering, and high-temperature dust cooling through far-infrared reradiation of collisionally deposited electron energies. Adopting a rather low thermal sputtering rate, we find, consistent with observations, a present-day overall dust-to-gas ratio of ∼2 x 10–5, a total dust mass of ∼2×10^9 M☉, and a dust mass fraction of ∼3 x 10–6. The typical thermal sputtering time-scales within ∼100 kpc are around ∼10 Myr, and increase towards the outer parts of the cluster to ∼103 Myr^ at a cluster-centric distance of 1 Mpc. The condensation of gas-phase metals into dust grains reduces high-temperature metal-line cooling, but also leads to additional dust infrared cooling. The additional infrared cooling changes the overall cooling rate in the outer parts of the cluster, beyond ∼1 Mpc, by factors of a few. This results in noticeable changes of the entropy, temperature, and density profiles of cluster gas once dust formation is included. The emitted dust infrared emission due to dust cooling is consistent with observational constraints.
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
methods: numerical - cosmology: theory
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