Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 489, 1054-1071 (2019/October-2)
Spectral analysis of the hybrid PG 1159-type central stars of the planetary nebulae Abell 43 and NGC 7094.
LOBLING L., RAUCH T., MILLER BERTOLAMI M.M., TODT H., FRIEDERICH F., ZIEGLER M., WERNER K. and KRUK J.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
Stellar post asymptotic giant branch (post-AGB) evolution can be completely altered by a final thermal pulse (FTP) which may occur when the star is still leaving the AGB (AFTP), at the departure from the AGB at still constant luminosity (late TP, LTP) or after the entry to the white-dwarf cooling sequence (very late TP, VLTP). Then convection mixes the He-rich material with the H-rich envelope. According to stellar evolution models the result is a star with a surface composition of H~20 per cent by mass (AFTP), ≃ 1 per cent (LTP), or (almost) no H (VLTP). Since FTP stars exhibit intershell material at their surface, spectral analyses establish constraints for AGB nucleosynthesis and stellar evolution. We performed a spectral analysis of the so-called hybrid PG 1159-type central stars (CS) of the planetary nebulae Abell 43 and NGC 7094 by means of non-local thermodynamical equilibrium models. We confirm the previously determined effective temperatures of Teff = 115 000±5 000 K and determine surface gravities of log(g/(cms–2 )) = 5.6±0.1 for both. From a comparison with AFTP evolutionary tracks, we derive stellar masses of 0.57+0.07–0.04 M☉ and determine the abundances of H, He, and metals up to Xe. Both CS are likely AFTP stars with a surface H mass fraction of 0.25 ± 0.03 and 0.15 ± 0.03, respectively, and an Fe deficiency indicating subsolar initial metallicities. The light metals show typical PG 1159-type abundances and the elemental composition is in good agreement with predictions from AFTP evolutionary models. However, the expansion ages do not agree with evolution time-scales expected from the AFTP scenario and alternatives should be explored.
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: abundances - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: atmospheres - stars: evolution - stars: individual: WD 1751 + 106 - stars: individual: WD 2134 + 125
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