Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 635A, 50-50 (2020/3-1)
Optical spectroscopy of type 2 LINERs.
HERMOSA MUNOZ L., CAZZOLI S., MARQUEZ I. and MASEGOSA J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. Type 2 Low-ionization Nuclear Emission-line Regions (LINERs) have been optically classified with the Palomar data as not presenting a broad component in the Balmer emission lines that are associated with the broad-line region (BLR) of the active galactic nuclei (AGN). Aims. We aim to unveil the presence of different kinematic components of emission lines in the nuclear region of a sample of local (z≤0.022) type 2 LINERs. We focus on the analysis of the true nature of LINERs by means of the detection (or nondetection) of a broad component that originated in the BLR of the AGN. Additionally, we search for the possible presence of nonrotational motions such as outflows in these LINERs. Methods. We applied a decomposition of the nuclear emission lines using an spectroscopic analysis of the optical spectra of nine type 2 LINERs of intermediate-resolution spectroscopic data retrieved from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) archive. The study is completed with archival spectra from the Double Spectrograph from the Palomar Observatory. Results. The emission line fitting reveals the presence of a broad component associated with the BLR in six out of the nine galaxies for the space-based data, and for two out of the eight from the ground-based spectra. The velocity dispersion for two galaxies (NGC 4486 and NGC 4594) measured in HST/STIS data suggest the presence of outflows. Conclusions. The results indicate that the spatial resolution plays a major role in the detection of the BLR, as it appears diluted in the ground-based data (even after removing stellar contribution). This is also true for the emission line diagnostics, as the contaminant light contributes to lower emission line ratios toward the star-forming area of standard BPTs. We propose to reclassify NGC 4594 as a type 1 LINER, since a BLR component is seen in both space- and ground-based spectra. We find ambiguous results for the BLR component of NGC 4486. The modest outflow detection in our sample may indicate that they are not as frequent as seen for type 1 LINERs.