Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 638A, 7-7 (2020/6-1)
The role of Galactic H II regions in the formation of filaments. High-resolution submilimeter imaging of RCW 120 with ArTeMiS.
ZAVAGNO A., ANDRE P., SCHULLER F., PERETTO N., SHIMAJIRI Y., ARZOUMANIAN D., CSENGERI T., FIGUEIRA M., FULLER G.A., KONYVES V., MEN'SHCHIKOV A., PALMEIRIM P., ROUSSEL H., RUSSEIL D., SCHNEIDER N. and ZHANG S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. Massive stars and their associated ionized (HII) regions could play a key role in the formation and evolution of filaments that host star formation. However, the properties of filaments that interact with HII regions are still poorly known.
Aims. To investigate the impact of HII regions on the formation of filaments, we imaged the Galactic HII region RCW 120 and its surroundings where active star formation takes place and where the role of ionization feedback on the star formation process has already been studied.
Methods. We used the large-format bolometer camera ArTeMiS on the APEX telescope and combined the high-resolution ArTeMiS data at 350 and 450µm with Herschel-SPIRE/HOBYS data at 350 and 500µm to ensure good sensitivity to a broad range of spatial scales. This allowed us to study the dense gas distribution around RCW 120 with a resolution of 8'' or 0.05pc at a distance of 1.34kpc.
Results. Our study allows us to trace the median radial intensity profile of the dense shell of RCW 120. This profile is asymmetric, indicating a clear compression from the HII region on the inner part of the shell. The profile is observed to be similarly asymmetric on both lateral sides of the shell, indicating a homogeneous compression over the surface. On the contrary, the profile analysis of a radial filament associated with the shell, but located outside of it, reveals a symmetric profile, suggesting that the compression from the ionized region is limited to the dense shell. The mean intensity profile of the internal part of the shell is well fitted by a Plummer-like profile with a deconvolved Gaussian full width at half maximum of 0.09pc, as observed for filaments in low-mass star-forming regions.
Conclusions. Using ArTeMiS data combined with Herschel-SPIRE data, we found evidence for compression from the inner part of the RCW 120 ionized region on the surrounding dense shell. This compression is accompanied with a significant (factor 5) increase of the local column density. This study suggests that compression exerted by HII regions may play a key role in the formation of filaments and may further act on their hosted star formation. ArTeMiS data also suggest that RCW 120 might be a 3D ring, rather than a spherical structure.
© A. Zavagno et al. 2020
stars: formation - H II regions - ISM: individual objects: RCW 120 - submillimeter: ISM
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