Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 638A, 26-26 (2020/6-1)
Detection of Fe I and Fe II in the atmosphere of MASCARA-2b using a cross-correlation method.
STANGRET M., CASASAYAS-BARRIS N., PALLE E., YAN F., SANCHEZ-LOPEZ A. and LOPEZ-PUERTAS M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Ultra-hot Jupiters are gas giants planets whose dayside temperature is greater than 2200 K as a consequence of the strong irradiation received from the host star. These kinds of objects are perfect laboratories to study the chemistry of exoplanetary upper atmospheres via transmission spectroscopy. Exo-atmospheric absorption features are buried in the noise of the in-transit residual spectra. However we can retrieve information of hundreds of atmospheric absorption lines by performing a cross-correlation with an atmospheric transmission model, which allows us to greatly increase the exo-atmospheric signal. The Rossiter-McLaughlin effect and centre-to-limb variation contribute strongly at the high spectral resolution of our data. We present the first detection of FeI and confirmation of absorption features of FeII in the atmosphere of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2b/KELT-20b, by using three transit observations with HARPS-N. After combining all transit observations we find a high cross-correlation signal of FeI and FeII with signal-to-noise ratios of 10.5±0.4 and 8.6±0.5, respectively. The peak absorption for both species appear to be blue-shifted with velocities of -6.3±0.8km/s for FeI and -2.8±0.8km/s for FeII, suggesting the presence of winds from the day- to night-side of the atmosphere of the planet. These results confirm previous studies of this planet and add a new atomic species (FeI) to the long list of detected species in the atmosphere of MASCARA-2b, making it, together with KELT-9b, the most feature-rich ultra-hot Jupiter to date.