Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 640A, 49-49 (2020/8-1)
First evidence of inertial modes in γ Doradus stars: The core rotation revealed.
OUAZZANI R.-M., LIGNIERES F., DUPRET M.-A., SALMON S.J.A.J., BALLOT J., CHRISTOPHE S. and TAKATA M.
Abstract (from CDS):
The advent of space photometry with CoRoT and Kepler has allowed for the gathering of exquisite and extensive time series for a wealth of main-sequence stars, including γ Doradus stars, whose detailed seismology was not achievable from the ground. γ Doradus stars present an incredibly rich pulsation spectra, with gravito-inertial modes, in some cases supplemented with δ Scuti-like pressure modes - for the hybrid stars - and, in many cases, with Rossby modes. The present paper aims to show that in addition to these modes which have been established in the radiative envelope, pure inertial modes that are trapped in the convective core can be detected in Kepler observations of γ Doradus stars thanks to their resonance with the gravito-inertial modes. We started by using a simplified model of perturbations in a full sphere of uniform density. Under these conditions, the spectrum of pure inertial modes is known from analytical solutions of the so-called Poincare equation. We then computed coupling factors, which helped select the pure inertial modes which interact best with the surrounding dipolar gravito-inertial modes. Using complete calculations of gravito-inertial modes in realistic models of γ Doradus stars, we are able to show that the pure inertial and gravito-inertial resonances appear as "dips" in the gravito-inertial mode period spacing series at spin parameters that are close to those predicted by the simple model. We find the first evidence of such dips in the Keplerγ Doradus star KIC 5608334. Finally, using complete calculations in isolated convective cores, we find that the spin parameters of the pure inertial and gravito-inertial resonances are also sensitive to the density stratification of the convective core. In conclusion, we have discovered that certain dips in gravito-inertial mode period spacings that have been observed in some Kepler stars are, in fact, signatures of resonances with pure-inertial modes that are trapped in the convective core. This holds the promise that it would be possible to finally access the central conditions, namely, the rotation and density stratification, of intermediate-mass stars in the main sequence.
© R.-M. Ouazzani et al. 2020
asteroseismology - stars: interiors - stars: rotation - stars: oscillations - convection
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