A photometric analysis of the relationship between the UV flux of Type Ia supernovae and host-galaxy metallicity.
BROWN P.J. and CRUMPLER N.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The effect of progenitor metallicity on Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) has important cosmological implications due to the need for these standardizable candles to be compared across large spans of cosmic time in which the progenitor stars might have different properties. Theoretical models have come to different conclusions as to the wavelength range impacted by metallicity differences, leading to differing interpretations of the growing sample of UV observations. Recent work has claimed a correlation between the mid-UV flux of SNe Ia measured from Swift grism spectra and the gas-phase metallicities measured for their host galaxies. Here we examine UV photometry for the same objects. We find no significant correlations between the UV-optical colors (or UV/optical count rate ratios) of the SNe Ia and the host-galaxy properties of mass or metallicity. The lack of a significant correlation with host-galaxy metallicity implies that a physical difference other than progenitor metallicity dominates the UV flux differences. Understanding the existing observations requires improved theoretical models and a larger parameter space of physical differences.