An XMM-Newton X-ray view of supernova remnant W49B: revisiting its recombining plasmas and progenitor type.
SUN L. and CHEN Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a comprehensive X-ray spectroscopy and imaging study of supernova remnant W49B using archival XMM-Newton observations. The overionization state of the shocked ejecta in W49B is clearly indicated by the radiative recombination continua of Si XIV, S XV, and Fe XXV, combined with the Lyα lines of Ca and Fe. The line flux images of W49B indicate high emission measures of the central bar-like region for almost all of the emission lines, while the equivalent width maps reveal a stratified structure for the metal abundance distributions. The global spectrum of W49B is well reproduced by a model containing one collisional ionization equilibrium (CIE) plasma component and two recombining plasma (RP) components. The CIE plasma represents the shocked interstellar medium, which dominates the X-ray emitting volume in W49B with a mass ∼450 M☉. The two RP components with a total mass ∼4.6 M☉ are both dominated by the ejecta material, but characterized by different electron temperatures (∼1.60 and ∼0.64 keV). The recombination ages of the RP components are estimated as ∼6000 yr and ∼3400 yr, respectively. We then reveal the possibility of a thermal conduction origin for the high-temperature RP in W49B by calculating the conduction timescale. The metal abundance ratios of the ejecta in W49B are roughly consistent with a core-collapse explosion model with a <=15 M☉ progenitor, except for a rather high Mn/Fe. A Type Ia origin can explain the Mn abundance, while it predicts much higher ejecta masses than observed values for all of the metal species considered in our analysis.