Astrophys. J., 894, 101-101 (2020/May-2)
Observational evidence for the origin of high-energy neutrinos in parsec-scale nuclei of radio-bright active galaxies.
PLAVIN A., KOVALEV Y.Y., KOVALEV Y.A. and TROITSKY S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Observational information on high-energy astrophysical neutrinos is being continuously collected by the IceCube observatory. However, the sources of the neutrinos are still unknown. In this study, we use radio very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) data for a complete VLBI flux density-limited sample of active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We address the problem of the origin of astrophysical neutrinos with energies above 200 TeV in a statistical manner. It is found that AGNs positionally associated with IceCube events have typically stronger parsec-scale cores than the rest of the sample. The posttrial probability of a chance coincidence is 0.2%. We select the four strongest AGNs as highly probable associations: 3C 279, NRAO 530, PKS 1741-038, and OR 103. Moreover, we find an increase of radio emission at frequencies above 10 GHz around neutrino arrival times for several other VLBI-selected AGNs on the basis of RATAN-600 monitoring. The most pronounced example of such behavior is PKS 1502+106. We conclude that AGNs with bright Doppler-boosted jets constitute an important population of neutrino sources. High-energy neutrinos are produced in their central parsec-scale regions, probably in proton-photon interactions at or around the accretion disk. Radio-bright AGNs that are likely associated with neutrinos have very diverse γ-ray properties, suggesting that γ-rays and neutrinos may be produced in different regions of AGNs and not directly related. A small viewing angle of the jet-disk axis is, however, required to detect either of them.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Neutrino astronomy - Active galaxies - Galaxy jets - Quasars - Radio continuum emission
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