Astrophys. J., 894, 132-132 (2020/May-2)
Radiolysis of ices by cosmic-rays: CH4 and H2O ices mixtures irradiated by 40 MeV 58Ni11+ ions.
MEJIA C., DE BARROS A.L.F., ROTHARD H., BODUCH P. and DA SILVEIRA E.F.
Abstract (from CDS):
Physico-chemical modifications induced by swift heavy ions on methane-water (CH4:H2O) ices at 15 K are analyzed. Ice films, at concentrations of (1:3) and (1:15), were irradiated by 40 MeV 58Ni11+ ions. Fourier transform transmission spectroscopy in the mid-range was used to monitor the evolution ices at 15 K as a function of projectile fluence. New IR bands appearing for the irradiated (CH4:H2O) (1:3) ice are attributed to the synthesized molecules: C3H8, HCO, H2CO, CO, CO2, H2O2, HCOOH, CH3OH, C2H5OH, and CH3CHO. For the irradiated (CH4:H2O) (1:15) ice, the abundances of the compounds containing two carbons atoms are lower than those for the (1:3) ice; in contrast, CH3OH and H2O2 abundances increase when compared to the values obtained with the (1:3) ice. After irradiation, the ices were warmed up until 110 K, when the IR spectra reveal features of complex organic molecules. The destruction and formation cross sections and the sputtering yields of the ice mixtures are estimated. These findings provide possible pathways for the occurrence of compounds rich in C, O, and H, which are indeed observed in the cold regions of the universe such as ices in grain mantles of the interstellar medium and circumstellar envelopes.
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Astrochemistry - Interstellar molecules - Laboratory astrophysics - Spectroscopy - Surface ices
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