Astrophys. J., 903, 46-46 (2020/November-1)
Simultaneous evolution of the virial parameter and star formation rate in molecular clumps undergoing global hierarchical collapse.
CAMACHO V., VAZQUEZ-SEMADENI E., PALAU A., BUSQUET G. and ZAMORA-AVILES M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We compare dense clumps and cores in a numerical simulation of molecular clouds (MCs) undergoing global hierarchical collapse (GHC) to observations in two MCs at different evolutionary stages, the Pipe and the G14.225 clouds, to test the ability of the GHC scenario to follow the early evolution of the energy budget and star formation activity of these structures. In the simulation, we select a region that contains cores of sizes and densities similar to the Pipe cores and find that it evolves through accretion, developing substructure similar to that of the G14.225 cloud after ∼1.6 Myr. Within this region, we follow the evolution of the Larson ratio L ≡σv/R1/2, where σv is the velocity dispersion and R is the size; the virial parameter α; and the star formation activity of the cores/clumps. In the simulation, we find that as the region evolves, (i) its clumps have L and α values first consistent with those of the Pipe substructures and later with those of G14.225; (ii) the individual cores first exhibit a decrease in α followed by an increase when star formation begins; (iii) collectively, the ensemble of cores/clumps reproduces the observed trend of lower α for higher-mass objects; and (iv) the star formation rate and star formation efficiency increase monotonically. We suggest that this evolution is due to the simultaneous loss of externally driven compressive kinetic energy and increase of the self-gravity-driven motions. We conclude that the GHC scenario provides a realistic description of the evolution of the energy budget of the clouds' substructure at early times, which occurs simultaneously with an evolution of the star formation activity.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Interstellar medium - Molecular clouds - Collapsing clouds - Scaling relations
Table 1: Pipe Sample sources ([ALL2007] NNN) are not in SIMBAD. Table 2: G14 sample sources are not in SIMBAD.
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