Gamma-ray and radio background constraints on cosmic rays in Milky Way circumgalactic medium.
JANA R., ROY M. and NATH B.B.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the interaction of cosmic rays (CRs) with the diffuse circumgalactic gas of the Milky Way (MW) galaxy that results in hadronic γ-ray emission and radio synchrotron emission. We aim to constrain the CR population in our circumgalactic medium (CGM) with the help of the observed isotropic γ-ray background (IGRB), its anisotropy, and radio continuum. We modify different models of CGM gas in hydrostatic equilibrium discussed in the literature by including a cosmic-ray population, parameterized by η ≡ PCR/Pth. For the simplest isothermal model, while the IGRB intensity allows η <= 3, the anisotropy resulting from the solar system's off-center position in MW rules out all values of η. For the precipitation model, in which the cooling of the CGM gas is regulated with an optimum ratio of cooling time to freefall time, while the observed IGRB intensity allows η <= 230, the observed anisotropy allows only very large values of η, of order >=100. The radio continuum limits η <= 400 for the precipitation model and does not constrain the isothermal model; however, these constraints are mitigated by synchrotron loss time being comparable to CR diffusion timescales. These bounds are relevant for current numerical simulations that indicate a significant CR population in CGM of galaxies of MW mass.