SIMBAD references

2020ApJS..249....6Z - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 249, 6-6 (2020/July-0)

A systematic observational study on Galactic interstellar ratio 18O/17O. I. C18O and C17O J = 1-0 data analysis.

ZHANG J.S., LIU W., YAN Y.T., YU H.Z., LIU J.T., ZHENG Y.H., ROMANO D., ZHANG Z.-Y., WANG J.Z., CHEN J.L., WANG Y.X., ZHANG W.J., LU H.H., CHEN L.S., ZOU Y.P., YANG H.Q., WEN T. and LU F.S.

Abstract (from CDS):

The interstellar oxygen isotopic ratio of 18O/17O can reflect the relative amount of the secular enrichment by ejecta from high-mass versus intermediate-mass stars. Previous observations found a Galactic gradient of 18O/17O, i.e., low ratios in the Galactic center and large values in the Galactic disk, which supports the inside-out formation scenario of our Galaxy. However, there are not many observed objects and, in particular, there are not many at large galactocentric distances. For this reason, we started a systematic study on Galactic interstellar 18O/17O, through observations of C18O and C17O multi-transition lines toward a large sample of 286 sources (at least one order of magnitude larger than previous ones), from the Galactic center region to the far outer Galaxy (∼22 kpc). In this article, we present our observations of J = 1-0 lines of C18O and C17O, with the 12 m antenna of the Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO 12 m) and the Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimetrique (IRAM) 30 m telescopes. Among our IRAM 30 m sample of 50 targets, we detected successfully both C18O and C17O 1-0 lines for 34 sources. Similarly, our sample of 260 targets for ARO 12 m observations resulted in the detection of both lines for 166 sources. The C18O optical depth effect on our ratio results, evaluated by fitting results of C17O spectra with hyperfine components (assuming τC18O=4τC17O) and our radiative transfer and excitation model nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) model calculation for the strongest source, was found to be insignificant. Beam dilution does not seem to be a problem either, which was supported by the fact that there is no systematic variation between the isotopic ratio and the heliocentric distance, and ratios are consistently measured from two telescopes for most of those detected sources. With this study we obtained 18O/17O isotopic ratios for a large sample of molecular clouds with different galactocentric distances. Our results, though there are still very few detections made for sources in the outer Galaxy, confirm the apparent 18O/17O gradient of 18O/17O=(0.10 ± 0.03)RGC+(2.95 ± 0.30), with a Pearson's rank correlation coefficient of R = 0.69. This is supported by the newest Galactic chemical evolution model including the impact of massive stellar rotators and novae. Our future J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 observations of C18O and C17O toward the same sample would be important to determine their physical parameters (opacities, abundances, etc.) and further accurately determine the Galactic radial gradient of the isotopic ratio 18O/17O.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Interstellar molecules - Radio sources - Isotopic abundances - Galaxy chemical evolution - Milky Way evolution

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/249/6): sources.dat table1.dat table2.dat>

Status at CDS : All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD with priority 2.

Simbad objects: 31

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2021.12.01-19:35:53

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