Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 493, 830-846 (2020/March-3)
XMP gas-rich dwarfs in nearby voids: results of SALT spectroscopy.
PUSTILNIK S.A., KNIAZEV A.Y., PEREPELITSYNA Y.A. and EGOROVA E.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
In the framework of an ongoing project aimed at searching for and studying eXtremely Metal-Poor (XMP) very gas-rich blue dwarfs in nearby voids, we conducted spectroscopy with the 11-m Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) of 26 candidates, preselected in the first paper of this series (PEPK19). For 23 of them, we detected oxygen lines, allowing us to estimate the gas O/H ratio. For 10 of them, the oxygen abundance is found to be very low, in the range of 12 + log (O/H) = 6.95-7.30 dex. Of those, four void dwarfs have 12 + log (O/H) < 7.19, or Z < Z☉/30. For the majority of observed galaxies, the faint line [O III] λ4363 Å used to estimate O/H with the direct Te method appeared either too noisy or was not detected. We therefore use the semi-empirical method of Izotov & Thuan for these spectra, or, when applicable, the new `Strong line' method of Izotov et al. We present and discuss the results for all void dwarfs observed in this work. We also compare their O/H values with O/H values of ∼140 void galaxies available from our recent papers. We address the properties of the newly found unusual void XMP dwarfs and compare them with those for 10 known prototype void XMP objects. The latter small group is outstanding based on their very small mass fraction of stars (only 0.01-0.02 of the baryonic mass), the blue colours of stars in the outer body indicating a non-cosmological age for the main star-forming episode), and the low gas metallicity (several times lower than expected for their luminosity).
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: photometry - large-scale structure of Universe
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