Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 498, 4745-4789 (2020/November-2)
H I imaging of dwarf star-forming galaxies: masses, morphologies, and gas deficiencies.
JAISWAL S. and OMAR A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Giant Meter-wave Radio Telescope observations of the H I 21 cm-line emission from 13 nearby dwarf star-forming galaxies are presented. These galaxies are selected from the catalogues of Wolf-Rayet galaxies having very young (<=10 Myr) star formation. The ranges of star formation rates and stellar masses of the sample galaxies are 0.03-1.7 M☉ yr–1 and 0.04-22.3 x 108 M☉, respectively. The H I line emission is detected from 12 galaxies with peak column density >1 x 1021 cm–2. The 3σ H I column density sensitivities per channel width of 7 km s–1 for low (60 arcsec x 60 arcsec) resolution images are in the range 0.8-1.9 x 1019 cm–2. The H I channel images, moment images, global profiles, and mass surface density profiles are presented here. The average value of the peak H I mass surface density is estimated to be ∼2.5 M☉ pc–2, which is significantly less compared to that in massive spiral galaxies. The scaling relations of (Mstars + M_ H I_ + M_ He_)versus Mdyn, gas fraction versus MB, M_ H I_versus Mstars, H I-to-stellar mass ratio versus Mstars, and M_ H I_versus D_ H I_for the sample galaxies are estimated. These scaling relations can be used to constraint the key parameters in the galaxy evolution models. These galaxies are residing in group environment with galaxy density up to eight galaxy Mpc–3. An H I mass deficiency (with DEF_H I_ > 0.3) is noticed in majority of galaxies for their optical diameters as compared to galaxies in field environments. Clear signatures of tidal interactions in these galaxies could be inferred using the H I images. Isolated H I clouds without known optical counterparts are seen in the vicinity of several galaxies. H I emission envelope is found to be having an offset from the optical envelope in several galaxies. Consistent with the previous studies on galaxy evolution in group environments, tidal interactions seem to play an important role in triggering recent star formation.