Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 646A, 1-1 (2021/2-1)
Molecular remnant of Nova 1670 (CK Vulpeculae). II. A three-dimensional view of the gas distribution and velocity field.
KAMINSKI T., STEFFEN W., BUJARRABAL V., TYLENDA R., MENTEN K.M. and HAJDUK M.
Abstract (from CDS):
CK Vul is the remnant of an energetic eruption known as Nova 1670 that is thought to be caused by a stellar merger. The remnant is composed of (1) a large hourglass nebula of recombining gas (of 71'' in size), very similar to some classical planetary and pre-planetary nebulae (PPNe), and (2) a much smaller and cooler inner remnant that is prominent in millimeter-wave emission from molecules. We investigate the three-dimensional spatio-kinematic structure of both components. Our analysis of the hourglass structure yields a revised distance to the object of >2.6kpc, at least 3.7 times greater than previously assumed. At this distance, the stellar remnant has a bolometric luminosity >12L☉ and is surrounded by molecular material with a total mass >0.8M☉ (the latter value has a large systematic uncertainty). We also analyzed the architecture of the inner molecular nebula using ALMA observations of rotational emission lines obtained at subarcsecond resolution. We find that the distribution of neutral and ionized gas in the lobes can be reproduced by several nested and incomplete shells or jets with different velocity fields and varying orientations. The analysis indicates that the molecular remnant was created in several ejection episodes, possibly involving an interacting binary system. We calculated the linear momentum (≃1040g.cm/s) and kinetic energy (≃1047erg) of the CK Vul outflows and find values that are within the limits typical for classical PPNe. Given the similarities of the CK Vul outflows to PPNe, we suggest there may be CK Vul analogs among wrongly classified PPNe with low intrinsic luminosities, especially among PPNe with post-red-giant-branch central stars.
© ESO 2021
stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: individual: CK Vul - stars: jets - stars: mass-loss - stars: winds, outflows - submillimeter: stars
View the references in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2021A&A...646A...1K and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu