The correlation between black hole mass and stellar mass for classical bulges and the cores of ellipticals.
ZHU P., HO L.C. and GAO H.
Abstract (from CDS):
The correlation between black hole mass and the stellar mass of the bulge of the host galaxy has attracted much attention ever since its discovery. While traditional investigations of this correlation have treated elliptical galaxies as single, monolithic spheroids, the recent realization that massive elliptical galaxies have undergone significant late-time (z≲2) dissipationless assembly since their initially dense "red nugget" phase strongly suggests that black holes in present-day ellipticals should be associated only with their cores and not with their extended envelopes. We perform two-dimensional image decomposition of Two Micron All Sky Survey Ks-band images to derive the stellar mass of the cores of 35 nearby ellipticals with reliably measured black hole masses. We revisit the relation between black hole mass and bulge stellar mass by combining classical bulges with the cores of ellipticals. The new relation exhibits nearly identical slope (M•∝Mcore1.2) as the conventional relation but a factor of ∼2 higher normalization and moderately larger intrinsic scatter (0.4 dex). At a core mass of 1011M☉, M•/Mcore=0.9 % , but it rises to M•/Mcore=1.5 % for the most massive cores with mass 1012M☉. Fast and slow rotator ellipticals follow the same correlation. The M•–Mcore relation provides a revised benchmark for studies of black hole-galaxy coevolution in the high-redshift universe.