Astrophys. J., 915, 111-111 (2021/July-2)
Enhanced Doppler beaming for dust-enshrouded objects and pulsars in the Galactic Center.
Abstract (from CDS):
Stars within the innermost part of the nuclear star cluster can reach orbital velocities up to a few percent of the light speed. As analyzed by Rafikov, Doppler boosting of stellar light may be of relevance at the pericenter of stellar orbits, especially with the upcoming high-precision photometry in the near- and mid-infrared bands. Here we analyze the previously neglected effect of the infrared spectral index of monitored objects on the Doppler-boosted continuum emission in a narrow photometric band. In contrast to main-sequence stars, the detected compact infrared-excess dust-enshrouded objects have an enhanced Doppler-boosting effect by as much as an order of magnitude, with the variability amplitude of the order of 10% for the most eccentric orbits. In a similar way, pulsars dominated by nonthermal synchrotron emission are also expected to exhibit a stronger Doppler-boosted signal by a factor of at least 4 in comparison with canonical S stars. In case the stellar orbit is robustly determined, the relative flux variation can thus provide hints about the nature of the objects. For extended dust-enshrouded objects, such as G1, that are variable due to tidal, ellipsoidal, bow-shock, and irradiation effects, the subtraction of the expected Doppler-boosting variations will help to better comprehend their internal physics. In addition, the relative flux variability due to higher-order relativistic effects is also modified for different negative spectral indices in a way that it can obtain both positive and negative values with the relative variability of the order of 1%.
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Galactic center - Stellar photometry - Relativistic binary stars
Status at CDS
Acronym for new objects described in the dictionary of nomenclature and being created in SIMBAD.
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