Query : 2007A&A...466..667K

2007A&A...466..667K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 466, 667-673 (2007/5-1)

Vertical abundance stratification in the blue horizontal branch star HD 135485.


Abstract (from CDS):

It is commonly believed that the observed overabundances of many chemical species relative to the expected cluster metallicity in blue horizontal branch (BHB) stars appear as a result of atomic diffusion in the photosphere. The slow rotation of BHB stars (with Teff>11500K), typically vsini<10km/s, is consistent with this idea. In this work we search for observational evidence of vertical chemical stratification in the atmosphere of HD 135485. If this evidence exists, it will demonstrate the importance of atomic diffusion processes in the atmospheres of BHB stars. We undertake an extensive abundance stratification analysis of the atmosphere of HD 135485, based on recently acquired high resolution and S/N CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra and a McDonald-CE spectrum. Our numerical simulations show that nitrogen and sulfur reveal signatures of vertical abundance stratification in the stellar atmosphere. It appears that the abundances of these elements increase toward the upper atmosphere. This fact cannot be explained by the influence of microturbulent velocity, because oxygen, carbon, neon, argon, titanium and chromium do not show similar behavior and their abundances remain constant throughout the atmosphere. It seems that the iron abundance may increase marginally toward the lower atmosphere. This is the first demonstration of vertical abundance stratification of metals in a BHB star.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: atmospheres - stars: horizontal-branch - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: individual: HD 135485

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 BD+30 2431 HB* 13 38 24.7651989120 +29 21 56.007255024   9.89 10.02     B5Vp 116 0
2 HD 135485 SB* 15 15 45.2566709328 -14 41 34.523913444 7.57 8.05 8.13     B3V 116 0
3 M 13 GlC 16 41 41.634 +36 27 40.75     5.8     ~ 2183 0
4 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 14209 0

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