2012A&A...543A.149G


Query : 2012A&A...543A.149G

2012A&A...543A.149G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 543A, 149-149 (2012/7-1)

Hot subdwarf stars in close-up view. II. Rotational properties of single and wide binary subdwarf B stars.

GEIER S. and HEBER U.

Abstract (from CDS):

Subluminous B stars (sdBs) form the extremely hot end of the horizontal branch and are therefore related to the blue horizontal branch (BHB) stars. While the rotational properties of BHB stars have been investigated extensively, studies of sdB stars have concentrated on close binaries that are influenced by tidal interactions between their components. Here we present a study of 105 sdB stars, which are either single stars or in wide binaries where tidal effects become negligible. The projected rotational velocities have been determined by measuring the broadening of metal lines using high-resolution optical spectra. All stars in our sample are slow rotators (vrotsini<10km/s). Furthermore, the vrotsin i-distributions of single sdBs are similar to those of hot subdwarfs in wide binaries with main-sequence companions as well as close binary systems with unseen companions and periods exceeding ≃1.2d. We show that blue horizontal and extreme horizontal branch stars are also related in terms of surface rotation and angular momentum. Hot BHB stars (Teff>11500K) with diffusion-dominated atmospheres are slow rotators like the hot subdwarf stars located on the extreme horizontal branch, which lost more envelope and therefore angular momentum in the red-giant phase. The uniform rotation distributions of single and wide binary sdBs pose a challenge to our understanding of hot subdwarf formation. Especially the high fraction of helium white dwarf mergers predicted by theory seems to be inconsistent with the results presented here.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: spectroscopic - subdwarfs - stars: rotation

Simbad objects: 114

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Number of rows : 114
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 Ton S 135 HS* 00 03 22.0702217664 -23 38 58.025588136   13.054 13.30     sdBHe1 32 0
2 Ton S 140 HS* 00 06 46.2800590152 -27 20 53.242037196   13.68 13.97     sdO7He1 21 0
3 PHL 699 HS* 00 09 45.9076865640 -21 56 13.704627480   14.84 15.10     sdBHe0 8 0
4 HE 0016+0044 HS* 00 18 43.5160419600 +01 01 23.632082616   14.75 14.88 15.13   sdB1.5VIIHe2 16 0
5 JL 179 HS* 00 21 27.7220609592 -55 29 12.157363032   15.92 16.11     sdB 8 0
6 Ton S 155 HS* 00 23 59.3423963568 -23 09 53.796509928   16.00 15.94 16.04   sdB 14 0
7 Ton S 163 HS* 00 33 53.8940926200 -27 08 23.860938912   13.96 14.19 14.48   sdO6He1 34 0
8 HD 4539 HS* 00 47 29.2193758344 +09 58 55.690280832 9.17 10.12 10.24     sdB 82 0
9 PG 0057+155 HS* 00 59 56.6673699744 +15 44 13.740284580   12.02 12.32     sdB0.2VIIIpHe8 119 1
10 Ton S 185 HS* 01 03 43.7255136960 -26 51 53.553580668   15.059 15.280 15.299   sdBHe1 17 0
11 Ton S 201 HS* 01 12 11.6603448960 -26 13 27.659728416   13.09 13.71     sdBHe0 58 0
12 JL 236 HS* 01 14 06.6944062536 -52 44 02.168480580   13.18 13.46     sdB 13 0
13 GD 1453 HS* 01 25 22.2863248176 -33 15 09.674055864   15.43 15.64 15.58   sdBHe1 11 0
14 HE 0135-6150 HS* 01 37 30.0320051160 -61 34 58.383423696   16.6   16.1   sdB 4 0
15 Ton S 225 HS* 01 39 14.4741216912 -27 43 21.871673832   16.6 16.17 16.0   sdBHe0 13 0
16 SB 774 HS* 01 53 11.1854953800 -39 04 18.240675816   14.13 14.29 14.51   sdB 11 0
17 KUV 01542-0710 HS* 01 56 42.4338931728 -06 55 40.150812828   15.90 16.04 15.72   sdB 12 0
18 PG 0207+005 HS* 02 10 14.9808193560 +00 45 02.229360804   15.27 15.43 15.91   sdB 13 0
19 Ton S 290 HS* 02 56 22.9457786112 -30 06 59.120311644           sdB 8 0
20 PG 0258+185 HS* 03 01 12.8738055840 +18 40 53.900691240   15.49 15.41 15.75   sdB+G8 13 1
21 HE 0321-0918 HS* 03 23 45.8458532784 -09 08 15.476673552   15.2       sdB 7 0
22 EC 03263-6403 HS* 03 27 10.0604472936 -63 52 54.326750232 12.31 13.26 13.48     sdB 10 0
23 PHL 1548 HS* 03 29 07.4100448416 -11 42 20.449002024   12.5 12.7     sdOB 11 0
24 BPS CS 22190-0034 HS* 03 43 09.6214548216 -13 06 00.597681360 12.34 13.39 13.64 13.5   sdB 13 0
25 PG 0342+026 HS* 03 45 34.5760235952 +02 47 52.714095360   10.86 11.12 11.20   sdB3VIIHe4 41 0
26 LB 1695 HS* 03 48 30.8245641120 -50 30 04.813206192 12.41 13.36 13.57 13.84   sdB 8 0
27 CD-32 1567 HS* 04 01 05.3124586656 -32 23 46.025705904 10.03 11.02 11.24     sdB 15 0
28 HE 0415-2417 HS* 04 17 31.4162738640 -24 09 49.914414288 15.16 16.20 16.42 16.6   sdB 6 0
29 HE 0447-3654 HS* 04 49 15.6277550808 -36 49 28.681694040 13.30 14.32 14.58     sdB 8 0
30 [CW83] 0512-08 HS* 05 14 43.9316872560 -08 48 06.372157464   10.97 11.34     sdO 26 0
31 HE 0513-2354 HS* 05 15 15.3267036240 -23 51 08.965970352 15.00 16.09 16.16     sdB 5 0
32 HE 0539-4246 HS* 05 41 06.6895089024 -42 45 31.855455504 13.73 14.62 14.85     sdB 8 0
33 EC 05479-5818 HS* 05 48 45.3192430368 -58 17 24.362915064 11.81 12.86 13.07     sdB 9 0
34 PG 0909+164 HS* 09 12 07.2920816328 +16 13 20.453857752   13.88 13.851     sdO8VIIHe1 17 0
35 PG 0909+276 HS* 09 12 51.6607835328 +27 20 31.396804260   11.92 12.10 12.62   sdB0.5VIIHe19 33 1
36 GD 108 HS* 10 00 47.2462375824 -07 33 30.773994012 12.406 13.349 13.563 13.662 13.781 sdB 138 1
37 PG 1018-047 HS* 10 21 10.5841130328 -04 56 19.580115516   13.143 13.311     sdB2VIIHe0 25 0
38 PG 1021-029 HS* 10 24 18.0069215952 -03 10 38.115886440   15.3       sdBO 10 0
39 HE 1038-2326 HS* 10 40 36.8674785744 -23 42 39.592377972   15.80 15.77 16.03   sdB 8 0
40 PG 1050-065 HS* 10 53 26.4666255720 -06 46 14.681150868   14.0       sdB0.2VIIHe12 12 0
41 Feige 38 HS* 11 16 49.3630906272 +06 59 33.203109948   12.77 13.03     sdB1.5VIIHe3 34 1
42 EC 11349-2753 HS* 11 37 29.0994076488 -28 09 43.281741492   12.49 12.68     sdB 7 0
43 Feige 48 HS* 11 47 14.4978515760 +61 15 31.789400364   13.12 13.28     sdB 114 0
44 Feige 49 HS* 11 47 29.3458678680 -16 05 39.108646068   13.21 12.88     sdOB 17 0
45 PG 1200-095 HS* 12 03 21.7167460488 -09 48 05.443110756   16.31 16.43     sdB 6 0
46 PG 1207-033 HS* 12 09 36.0782209128 -03 33 07.573946148   12.49 12.64 13.79   sdB 20 1
47 PG 1219+534 HS* 12 21 29.0914917288 +53 04 36.796062144   12.41       sdB 81 1
48 HE 1221-2618 HS* 12 24 32.6652357000 -26 35 16.632901068   14.83 14.77 14.96   sdB 7 0
49 EC 12234-2607 HS* 12 26 06.1906451568 -26 24 12.167938008   13.58 13.77     sdB 10 0
50 Feige 65 HS* 12 35 51.1437498960 +42 22 39.720230508   11.78 12.046     sdB2 62 1
51 HE 1254-1540 HS* 12 57 19.3528862544 -15 56 22.666658172   15.47 15.62 15.81   sdB+G0 7 0
52 PG 1303+097 HS* 13 06 03.8836777488 +09 24 31.268045124   14.34       sdB 14 0
53 EC 13047-3049 HS* 13 07 31.0220916312 -31 05 01.920479028   12.56 12.83     sdB 10 0
54 V* NY Vir HS* 13 38 48.1466908176 -02 01 49.207286748   13.43 13.66 13.75   sdB1VIIHe1 209 1
55 HE 1352-1827 HS* 13 55 26.5613874720 -18 42 09.219280032   16.18 16.12 16.11   sdB+G3 6 0
56 V* V361 Hya ** 14 05 33.00 -27 01 34.1   15.45 15.26 15.16   sdB+ 114 0
57 LB 721 HS* 14 10 20.7201461808 +00 18 54.848494764   15.5 15.660     sdB 12 1
58 HE 1419-1205 HS* 14 22 02.1351352392 -12 19 29.392075560   16.2   16.7   sdB 5 0
59 HE 1422-1851 HS* 14 24 48.5594394384 -19 05 00.521511576   16.39 16.26     sdB+F9 6 0
60 EC 14248-2647 HS* 14 27 47.3778238176 -27 01 08.750052732   11.67 11.46     sdOB 11 0
61 CBS 275 WD* 14 34 32.7196298904 +45 42 35.523781740   17       DA 12 0
62 PG 1432+004 HS* 14 35 19.8406916232 +00 13 51.115007964   12.20 12.39     sdB2VIIHe6 27 0
63 LB 275 HS* 14 36 07.3336263816 -27 13 14.629148904 13.90 14.87 14.99 15.50   sdB 13 0
64 EC 14338-1445 HS* 14 36 33.7171565280 -14 58 00.887231172   13.47 13.57 13.85   sdB 10 0
65 EC 14345-1729 HS* 14 37 20.4701381256 -17 42 25.269768324   12.90 13.08     sdB 8 0
66 HE 1441-0558 HS* 14 44 12.1048056864 -06 10 44.703412824   14.4       sdB+G5 5 0
67 HE 1450-0957 HS* 14 53 24.1992983688 -10 09 21.837230352   15.10 15.27     sdB 8 0
68 PG 1505+074 HS* 15 08 21.0455212416 +07 13 14.851306956   12.00 11.92 12.95   sdB 15 0
69 EC 15103-1557 HS* 15 13 10.3258120944 -16 08 20.691769416   12.40 12.46     sdB 9 0
70 PG 1519+640 HS* 15 20 31.3676002152 +63 52 08.251179924   12.03 12.18     sdB1.5VIIHe5 35 0
71 PG 1519-071 HS* 15 21 53.1343888872 -07 19 22.586960532   15.6       sdB 8 0
72 PG 1549-001 HS* 15 52 02.7941520792 -00 04 39.318186396   15.11 15.20 15.73   sdB 15 0
73 PG 1605+072 HS* 16 08 03.6872637792 +07 04 28.748468964   12.53 12.83 13.18   sdB0.2VIHe3 126 0
74 PG 1616+144 HS* 16 18 23.0938386048 +14 16 12.892149840   13.48       sdB 15 0
75 PG 1653+131 HS* 16 55 42.8181034632 +13 01 48.511897788   14.18 14.42 14.57   sdB 13 0
76 PG 1710+490 HS* 17 12 18.7556895624 +48 58 35.782284900   12.56 13.03     sdB1.5VIIHe3 31 0
77 HS 1710+1614 HS* 17 13 03.1470866016 +16 10 42.867291432   16.11 16.44     sdB 6 0
78 PG 1725+252 HS* 17 27 57.3822732240 +25 08 35.697468192   11.54 13.01     sdB1.5VIIHe2 23 0
79 [CW83] 1758+36 HS* 18 00 18.8640522672 +36 28 56.335373724 10.04 11.17 11.39 11.38   sdB0 31 1
80 BD+48 2721 HS* 18 34 09.1968898200 +48 27 39.864764700   10.50 10.70     sdB4 16 0
81 KPD 1930+2752 HS* 19 32 14.8088063952 +27 58 35.445679608 12.80 13.75 13.82     sdB 154 0
82 JL 36 HS* 20 01 52.2800951736 -71 57 25.656739308 11.97 12.81 12.95     sdB 20 0
83 EC 20106-5248 HS* 20 14 25.9484491032 -52 39 23.680127664 11.46 12.09 12.30     sdB 11 0
84 EC 20229-3716 HS* 20 26 13.7352932400 -37 06 29.835656208 10.22 11.11 11.33     sdB 8 0
85 HS 2033+0821 HS* 20 35 29.3361362184 +08 31 51.333663288   14.4       sdB 7 0
86 [DP70] 58 HS* 21 07 31.6822897752 -40 05 47.832831564 11.39 12.63 12.85     sdB 11 0
87 KPD 2109+4401 HS* 21 11 47.6445824136 +44 13 50.620755936 12.14 13.11 13.30 13.64   sdB 64 0
88 PG 2122+158 HS* 21 24 54.8935500576 +15 59 03.644712528   14.60 14.48 14.71   sdB 10 1
89 HS 2125+1105 HS* 21 27 32.1684818232 +11 18 16.829735040   15.9   16.4   sdB 8 0
90 PHL 44 HS* 21 35 13.3327203264 -13 33 22.555121148 11.77 12.86 13.16     sdB 19 0
91 HD 205805 HS* 21 39 10.6154323536 -46 05 51.525534876 9.05 9.98 10.21     sdB 74 0
92 EC 21494-7018 HS* 21 53 41.2522034136 -70 04 31.442873916 10.50 11.35 11.57     sdB 19 0
93 PG 2151+100 HS* 21 53 57.3047674800 +10 17 35.067185592   12.07 12.34     sdB0VIIHe0 11 0
94 HE 2151-1001 HS* 21 54 31.5037631664 -09 47 30.184971324   15.6       sdB 8 0
95 HE 2156-3927 HS* 21 59 35.5062919224 -39 13 15.015645264     15.06     sdB+K3 8 0
96 HE 2201-0001 HS* 22 04 18.2798373096 +00 12 36.310044060   16.4   16.4   sdB 9 0
97 PG 2205+023 HS* 22 08 00.6431350584 +02 33 43.529204628   13.96 14.10 14.32   sdB2VIIIpHe0 16 0
98 EC 22081-1916 HS* 22 10 52.8672227976 -19 01 49.632538512   12.82 12.94 13.30   sdB 15 0
99 HS 2216+1833 HS* 22 18 30.5893725120 +18 48 08.815445244   13.96 13.90 13.94   sdB+G1 7 0
100 HE 2222-3738 HS* 22 24 56.4847227576 -37 23 30.359844672     14.89     sdB 10 0
101 Ton S 61 HS* 22 36 16.6338641856 -31 42 13.008803472     12.7     sdB 14 0
102 PG 2237+018 HS* 22 40 14.2630639896 +02 06 32.184061740   15.78 15.71     sdB 8 0
103 PHL 374 HS* 22 41 38.2312230456 -14 39 38.885529420   16.0 16.8     sdB 7 0
104 LB 1516 HS* 23 01 56.1476771616 -48 03 48.474964296   12.74 13.02     sdB 27 0
105 PHL 412 HS* 23 10 24.0455833440 -03 24 01.233394344   15.8 16.1     sdB 9 0
106 Balloon 90100001 HS* 23 15 21.4810390968 +29 05 01.433373360   11.90 12.30     sdB 85 0
107 Feige 109 HS* 23 17 26.8819938360 +07 52 04.910534364   13.87 13.92     sdB1.5VIIIpHe0 32 0
108 GD 1110 HS* 23 19 24.4299110400 -08 52 37.936761780   12.78 12.95 13.27   sdB 32 0
109 PG 2317+046 HS* 23 19 55.3509680256 +04 52 34.659100740 11.493 12.630 12.876 12.950 12.994 sdO8VIIHe1 32 0
110 PHL 508 HS* 23 25 31.8649619304 -06 01 11.502462648 14.62 14.41 13.64     sdB+G9 12 0
111 Ton S 102 HS* 23 31 49.9502075568 -28 52 52.997322000   13.65 13.86 14.26   sdB 28 0
112 CD-35 15910 HS* 23 44 22.0084841208 -34 27 00.387634032   10.71 11.00     sdBHe1 45 0
113 Ton S 124 HS* 23 51 43.6505330328 -31 18 52.943400720   15.63 15.87 16.22   sdBHe0 10 0
114 PG 2349+002 HS* 23 51 53.2310316864 +00 28 17.655587688 12.165 13.086 13.277 13.380 13.496 sdB2VIIHe0 27 0

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2022.12.01-20:45:43

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