Query : 2013A&A...557A..35V

2013A&A...557A..35V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 557A, 35-35 (2013/9-1)

The effect of episodic accretion on the phase transition of CO and CO2 in low-mass star formation.


Abstract (from CDS):

We study the evaporation and condensation of CO and CO2 during the embedded stages of low-mass star formation by using numerical simulations. We focus on the effect of luminosity bursts, similar in magnitude to FUors and EXors, on the gas-phase abundance of CO and CO2 in the protostellar disk and infalling envelope. The evolution of a young protostar and its environment is followed based on hydrodynamical models using the thin-disk approximation, coupled with a stellar evolution code and phase transformations of CO and CO2. The accretion and associated luminosity bursts in our model are caused by disk gravitational fragmentation followed by quick migration of the fragments onto the forming protostar. We found that bursts with luminosity on the order of 100-200L can evaporate CO ices in part of the envelope. The typical freeze-out time of the gas-phase CO onto dust grains in the envelope (a few kyr) is much longer than the burst duration (100-200yr). This results in an increased abundance of the gas-phase CO in the envelope long after the system has returned into a quiescent stage. In contrast, luminosity bursts can evaporate CO2 ices only in the disk, where the freeze-out time of the gas-phase CO2 is comparable to the burst duration. We thus confirm that luminosity bursts can leave long-lasting traces in the abundance of gas-phase CO in the infalling envelope, enabling the detection of recent bursts as suggested by previous semi-analytical studies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: formation - stars: low-mass - accretion, accretion disks - protoplanetary disks

Simbad objects: 4

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 NAME Per Region reg 03 37 00.0 +31 15 00           ~ 250 0
2 V* FU Ori Or* 05 45 22.3647842544 +09 04 12.291320064   10.72 9.60     F0Iab 761 1
3 NAME Ophiuchus Molecular Cloud SFR 16 28 06 -24 32.5           ~ 3349 1
4 NAME Serpens Cloud SFR 18 29 49 +01 14.8           ~ 1016 2

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2013A&A...557A..35V and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact