2018A&A...611A..16B


Query : 2018A&A...611A..16B

2018A&A...611A..16B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 611A, 16-16 (2018/3-1)

Sulphur monoxide exposes a potential molecular disk wind from the planet-hosting disk around HD 100546.

BOOTH A.S., WALSH C., KAMA M., LOOMIS R.A., MAUD L.T. and JUHASZ A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Sulphur-bearing volatiles are observed to be significantly depleted in interstellar and circumstellar regions. This missing sulphur is postulated to be mostly locked up in refractory form. With ALMA we have detected sulphur monoxide (SO), a known shock tracer, in the HD 100546 protoplanetary disk. Two rotational transitions: J=77-66 (301.286GHz) and J=78-67 (304.078GHz) are detected in their respective integrated intensity maps. The stacking of these transitions results in a clear 5σ detection in the stacked line profile. The emission is compact but is spectrally resolved and the line profile has two components. One component peaks at the source velocity and the other is blue-shifted by 5km/s. The kinematics and spatial distribution of the SO emission are not consistent with that expected from a purely Keplerian disk. We detect additional blue-shifted emission that we attribute to a disk wind. The disk component was simulated using LIME and a physical disk structure. The disk emission is asymmetric and best fit by a wedge of emission in the north-east region of the disk coincident with a "hot-spot" observed in the CO J=3-2 line. The favoured hypothesis is that a possible inner disk warp (seen in CO emission) directly exposes the north-east side of the disk to heating by the central star, creating locally the conditions to launch a disk wind. Chemical models of a disk wind will help to elucidate why the wind is particularly highlighted in SO emission and whether a refractory source of sulphur is needed. An alternative explanation is that the SO is tracing an accretion shock from a circumplanetary disk associated with the proposed protoplanet embedded in the disk at 50 au. We also report a non-detection of SO in the protoplanetary disk around HD 97048.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): astrochemistry - submillimeter: planetary systems - stars: individual: (HD 100546, HD 97048) - protoplanetary disks - stars: pre-main sequence

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 EM* LkCa 15 Or* 04 39 17.7911622816 +22 21 03.390090984   13.01 12.03 11.61   K5:Ve 689 1
2 IRAS 04365+2535 Y*O 04 39 35.19360 +25 41 44.7252           ~ 290 0
3 V* AB Aur Ae* 04 55 45.8458932216 +30 33 04.292077032 7.20 7.16 7.05 6.96 6.70 A0Ve 1067 2
4 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9053285064 -34 42 17.033218380   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1891 1
5 HD 97048 Ae* 11 08 03.3109731720 -77 39 17.490777444 9.03 8.76 9.00   8.64 A0Vep 543 0
6 HD 100546 Be* 11 33 25.4408872296 -70 11 41.241297948   6.71 6.30   6.64 A0VaekB8_lB 806 1
7 HD 100456 * 11 33 36.3463524504 +02 29 56.511713796   8.12 6.48     M0III 26 0
8 HD 142527 Ae* 15 56 41.8882637904 -42 19 23.248281828   9.04 8.34     F6III 640 1
9 HD 163296 Ae* 17 56 21.2881851168 -21 57 21.871819008 7.00 6.93 6.85 6.86 6.67 A1Vep 1110 0
10 HD 169142 Ae* 18 24 29.7799891464 -29 46 49.327400568   8.42 8.16     F1VekA3mA3_lB? 448 0

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