Query : 1998A&A...336..637D

1998A&A...336..637D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 336, 637-647 (1998/8-2)

High resolution spectroscopy of symbiotic stars. IV. BX Monocerotis: orbital and stellar parameters.


Abstract (from CDS):

We investigate the orbit and the components of the symbiotic BX Mon system with new high resolution spectroscopy, IUE spectra, published photographic magnitudes, and brightness estimates from the RASNZ. We review the available photometry and deduce a new binary period of 1401 days. We also find evidence in the IUE data that BX Mon is an eclipsing system. With our high resolution spectroscopy we determine the radial velocity curve of the M giant from photospheric absorption features. BX Mon is unusual for a symbiotic star in that its hot component is also observable in the optical wavelength region. From corresponding absorption features we are able to measure the hot component's radial velocity. We determine semi-amplitudes for the cool and the hot components of 4.3km/s and 29km/s, respectively. The mass ratio is thus ∼7 which is among the highest yet found for symbiotic systems. The orbit of BX Mon is eccentric with an ellipticity of e=0.49. The binary mass function is 0.0076M. We determine the mass of the red giant as Mr=3.7M and the mass of the hot component as Mh=0.55M. This low Mh suggests that even relatively high mass symbiotics are unlikely to be supernova Type I progenitors. The distance to BX Mon of 3kpc is determined with the NaI λλ5890,5896 interstellar absorption lines and the interstellar extinction feature at 2200Å. For the luminosity of the cool component we find Lr=3400L and a stellar radius Rr=160R. The red giant's radius remains within the inner Lagrangian point, even at periastron. The hot component is unlikely to be a main sequence star.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: eclipsing - binaries: symbiotic - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: individual: BX Mon

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 V* BX Mon Sy* 07 25 22.7621421120 -03 35 50.644134204   12.27 11.24 10.92   M5/6IIIe 107 1
2 HD 59612 * 07 29 51.4122982920 -23 01 27.444741492 5.27 5.10 4.86 4.58 4.38 A5/7Iab/II 123 1

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