1999A&A...349...11A


Query : 1999A&A...349...11A

1999A&A...349...11A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 349, 11-28 (1999/9-1)

The time averaged TeV energy spectrum of Mkn 501 of the extraordinary 1997 outburst as measured with the stereoscopic Cherenkov telescope system of HEGRA.

AHARONIAN F.A., AKHPERJANIAN A.G., BARRIO J.A., BERNLOEHR K., BOJAHR H., CALLE I., CONTRERAS J.L., CORTINA J., DAUM A., DECKERS T., DENNINGHOFF S., FONSECA V., GONZALEZ J.C., HEINZELMANN G., HEMBERGER M., HERMANN G., HESS M., HEUSLER A., HOFMANN W., HOHL H., HORNS D., IBARRA A., KANKANYAN R., KETTLER J., KOEHLER C., KONOPELKO A., KORNMAYER H., KESTEL M., KRANICH D., KRAWCZYNSKI H., LAMPEITL H., LINDNER A., LORENZ E., MAGNUSSEN N., MEYER H., MIRZOYAN R., MORALEJO A., PADILLA L., PANTER M., PETRY D., PLAGA R., PLYASHESHNIKOV A., PRAHL J., PUEHLHOFER G., RAUTERBERG G., RENAULT C., RHODE W., ROEHRING A., SAHAKIAN V., SAMORSKI M., SCHMELE D., SCHROEDER F., STAMM W., VOELK H.J., WIEBEL-SOOTH B., WIEDNER C., WILLMER M. and WITTEK W.

Abstract (from CDS):

During the several months of the outburst of Mkn 501 in 1997 the source has been monitored in TeV γ-rays with the HEGRA stereoscopic system of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. Quite remarkably it turned out that the shapes of the daily γ-ray energy spectra remained essentially stable throughout the entire state of high activity despite dramatic flux variations during this period. The derivation of a long term time-averaged energy spectrum, based on more than 38,000 detected TeV photons, is therefore physically meaningful. The unprecedented γ-ray statistics combined with the 20% energy resolution of the instrument resulted in the first detection of γ-rays from an extragalactic source well beyond 10 TeV, and the first high accuracy measurement of an exponential cutoff in the energy region above 5 TeV deeply into the exponential regime. From 500 GeV to 24 TeV the differential photon spectrum is well approximated by a power-law with an exponential cutoff: dN/dE=N0(E/1TeV)–αexp(-E/E0), with N0=(10.8±0.2stat±2.1sys)x10–11/(cm2.s.TeV), α=1.92±0.03stat±0.20sys, and E0=(6.2±0.4stat(-1.5+2.9)sys)TeV. We summarize the methods for the evaluation of the energy spectrum in a broad dynamical range which covers almost two energy decades, and study in detail the principal sources of systematic errors. We also discuss several important astrophysical implications of the observed result concerning the production and absorption mechanisms of γ-rays in the emitting jet and the modifications of the initial spectrum of TeV radiation due to its interaction with the diffuse extragalactic background radiation.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: BL Lacertae objects: individual: Mkn 501 - gamma rays: observations

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 Mrk 421 BLL 11 04 27.3140835504 +38 12 31.798495872   13.50 12.90 8.31   ~ 2510 1
2 4C 39.49 BLL 16 53 52.2160772976 +39 45 36.613228860 14.09 14.15 13.29 8.26   ~ 2015 2

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2022.05.20-01:18:40

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