Query : 1999A&A...352L.116S

1999A&A...352L.116S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 352, L116-120 (1999/12-2)

Keplerian frequencies and innermost stable circular orbits of rapidly rotating strange stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

It has been suggested that the frequency in the co-rotating innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) about a compact stellar remnant can be determined through X-ray observations of low-mass X-ray binaries, and that its value can be used to constrain the equation of state of ultradense matter. Upon constructing numerical models of rapidly rotating strange (quark) stars in general relativity, we find that for stars rotating at the equatorial mass-shedding limit, the ISCO is indeed above the stellar surface, for a wide range of central energy densities at a height equal to 11% of the circumferential stellar radius, which scales inversely with the square root of the energy density, ρ0 c2, of self-bound quark matter at zero presure. For these models, the ISCO frequency is 81.5±1.5% of the stellar rotational frequency, whose maximum value ΩK=sqrt(3.234G ρ0) is attained for a model close to the maximum-mass model, with M=2.86M0/4.2x1014g/cm3)–1/2. In contrast to static models, ISCO frequencies below 1.1kHz are allowed - in fact, at the canonical value ρ0=4.2x1014g/cm3, the ISCO frequencies of rapidly rotating strange stars can be as low as 0.9kHz for a 1.3M strange star. Hence, the presence of strange stars in low-mass X-ray binaries cannot be excluded on the basis of the currently observed frequencies of kHz QPOs, such as the cut-off frequency of 1066Hz in 4U 1820-30.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dense matter - stars: neutron - equation of state - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 V* V801 Ara LXB 16 40 55.5976953528 -53 45 04.948107156 17.50 18.20 17.5   17.07 ~ 822 1
2 X Sgr X-4 LXB 18 23 40.57 -30 21 40.6   19.06 18.81     ~ 947 1

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