1999A&AS..134...39S


Query : 1999A&AS..134...39S

1999A&AS..134...39S - Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 134, 39-52 (1999/January-1)

Thermal history and structure of rotating protoneutron stars with relativistic equation of state.

SUMIYOSHI K., IBANEZ J.M. and ROMERO J.V.

Abstract (from CDS):

We study the properties of general relativistic, slowly rotating, protoneutron stars. We explore the structure of rotating protoneutron stars with a wide range of the entropy per baryon, the lepton fraction and the baryonic mass in order to study the evolutionary history of protoneutron stars during the cooling epoch. We adopt the relativistic equation of state for dense matter derived within the relativistic mean field theory, which is based on the microscopic nuclear many-body framework, and checked by the experimental data of many nuclei. We provide broad information on the effect of rotation, temperature and lepton trapping of protoneutron stars with various baryonic masses. The evolutionary track of rotating protoneutron stars is examined and its implications are addressed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dense matter - stars: interiors - stars: neutron - stars: rotation

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 PSR B1937+21 Psr 19 39 39.6 +21 37 22           ~ 1072 1

Query : 1999A&AS..134...39S

Basic data :
PSR B1937+21 -- Pulsar
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
Rad (4C,NEK,...), Psr (2022ApJS,PSR), gam (1FGL,4FGL)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
19 39 39.6 +21 37 22 (Radio) [ 9000 9000 90 ] D 1998AJ....115.1693C
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
19 37 29.8 +21 30 24 [ 9000 9000 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
057.5454 -00.2737 [ 9000 9000 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
-0.05 -0.47 [4 2 89] D 2003A&A...410L...9C
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:

  • millisecond pulsar


The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (10) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

PSR B1937+21 4FGL J1939.6+2135 PKS 1937+214 PSR B1937+21.4
4C 21.53 NEK 57.5-00.3 PKS J1939+2135
1FGL J1938.2+2125c PKS 1937+21 PSR J1939+2134

References (1072 between 1850 and 2024) (Total 1072)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : PSR B1937+21

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

4C 21.53 PKS 1937+21 PKS 1937+214 PKS J1939+2135

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