1999A&AS..137..473M


Query : 1999A&AS..137..473M

1999A&AS..137..473M - Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 137, 473-493 (1999/June-2)

Spectral classification of the cool giants in symbiotic systems.

MUERSET U. and SCHMID H.M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We derive the spectral types of the cool giants in about 100 symbiotic systems. Our classification is mainly based on near IR spectra in order to avoid the contamination of the spectrum by the nebula and the hot component in the visual region. The accuracy of our spectral types is approximately one spectral subclass, similar to previous near IR classification work, and much better than visual spectral type estimates. Strong, intrinsic spectral type variations (>2 spectral subtypes) are only seen in systems containing pulsating mira variables. We present a catalogue of spectral types for cool giants in symbiotic systems which also includes determinations taken from the literature. The catalogue gives spectral types for the cool giants in about 170 systems which is nearly the full set of confirmed symbiotics. Based on our classifications we discuss the distribution of spectral types of the cool giants in galactic symbiotic binaries. We find that the spectral types cluster strongly between M3 and M6, with a peak at M5. The distribution of systems with a mira variable component peaks even later, at spectral types M6 and M7. This is a strong bias towards late spectral types when compared to red giants in the solar neighbourhood. Also the frequency of mira variables is much larger among symbiotic giants. This predominance of very late M-giants in symbiotic systems seems to indicate that large mass loss is a key ingredient for triggering symbiotic activity on a white dwarf companion. Further we find for symbiotic systems a strong correlation between the spectral type of the cool giant and the orbital period. In particular we find a tight relation for the minimum orbital period for symbiotic systems with red giants of a given spectral type. This limiting line in the spectral type - orbital period diagram seems to be equivalent with the relation R≤l1/2, where R is the radius of the red giant and l1 the distance from the center of the giant to the inner Lagrangian point L1. This correlation possibly discloses that symbiotic stars are - with probably only one exception in our sample - well detached binary systems.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: symbiotic - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: late-type - stars: mass-loss - novae, cataclysmic variables

CDS comments: S190 and S32 (Table 1) are StHA 190 and StHA 32 resp.

Simbad objects: 154

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Number of rows : 154
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NAME SMC Symbiotic star 1 Sy* 00 29 10.8274335674 -74 57 39.865826888           C3,2: 10 0
2 NAME SMC Symbiotic star 2 Sy* 00 42 47.8788399652 -74 42 00.030207215     16.521   15.058 G/Ke 11 0
3 V* EG And Sy* 00 44 37.1876042586 +40 40 45.703033630 10.54 8.93 7.22     M2.4III 271 0
4 NAME SMC Symbiotic star 3 Sy* 00 48 20.0195347830 -73 31 52.073758689 16.66 16.23 14.74   13.13 M0e 75 0
5 LHA 115-N 60 Sy* 00 57 05.8405155446 -74 13 16.565187323 16.87 17.53 16.99   15.51 C3,3 26 0
6 LIN 358 Sy* 00 59 12.2513125672 -75 05 17.616419274   16.82 15.34 14.90 13.77 K/Me 41 0
7 LHA 115-N 73 Sy* 01 04 39.3063940320 -75 48 24.765842873       15.52 13.88 K0/2e 18 0
8 V* AX Per Sy* 01 36 22.6996835649 +54 15 02.411289057   11.45 10.67 11.04   M3IIIep+A0 281 1
9 V* V471 Per EB* 01 58 49.6642388419 +52 53 48.460982843   14.06 13.08     G2Ib 169 1
10 V* AG Per A SB* 04 06 55.828400 +33 26 46.92224   6.83 6.87     ~ 255 0
11 V* AG Per EB* 04 06 55.8351101323 +33 26 47.009585515       7.71   B3Vn 262 0
12 EM* StHA 32 Sy* 04 37 45.6311522513 -01 19 11.896504207     13.5     C1,1e_CH5 31 0
13 LHA 120-S 154 Em* 04 51 50.4607045362 -75 03 35.323709396   12.8       ~ 13 0
14 LHA 120-S 147 Em* 04 54 03.4661071273 -70 59 32.142299797   12.8 15.47 15.57   K5e 20 0
15 LHA 120-N 19 Sy* 05 03 23.7477014162 -67 56 33.634274697     16.4 15.34 14.268 M4 18 0
16 V* UV Aur C* 05 21 48.9137852435 +32 30 40.177257425   12.46 10.41 9.15   C8,1Je 202 0
17 HD 34842 ** 05 21 48.92 +32 30 39.8           C8,1Je+B9V 197 0
18 NAME LMC1 Sy* 05 25 01.1064057825 -62 28 48.779618488 17.32 18.22 17.36     C 16 0
19 TYC 1302-63-1 Em* 05 38 17.9603472893 +18 40 39.522480859   10.10 9.90     B8 7 0
20 MACHO 15.10552.951 Sy* 05 45 19.569 -71 16 06.72 16.855 17.413 17.055 15.69 16.957 ~ 49 0
21 LHA 120-S 63 Sy* 05 48 43.4317066086 -67 36 10.309133507   16.706 15.51 15.17 14.065 B8III[e] 44 0
22 SS 38 Em* 06 21 04.6137503604 +22 10 10.058028999   11.65 11.20 11.16   Be: 13 0
23 V* V393 CMa LP* 07 13 18.2414822575 -14 34 46.837137724   9.755 8.14     M5+III 15 0
24 2MASS J07145298-1203313 Em* 07 14 52.9898769117 -12 03 31.421599399     13.5     M2 7 0
25 V* BX Mon Sy* 07 25 22.7618908461 -03 35 50.641920234   12.27 11.24 10.92   M5/6IIIe 107 1
26 EM* MWC 560 Sy* 07 25 51.2841922233 -07 44 08.078237799   10.01 9.70 10.60   M4ep+Beq 192 0
27 SS 117 Em* 07 27 31.6437039156 -13 38 41.350069578   12.30 12.02 11.92   OB-:e 5 0
28 TYC 5991-3194-1 Em* 07 30 19.7091220420 -21 17 25.938779653   11.74 11.18     Be: 6 0
29 SPH 15 Em* 07 32 45.2 -26 49 16     13.5     ~ 5 1
30 BD-20 2059 Em* 07 36 17.0912922231 -20 36 31.073003497   11.1 10.6     Be: 8 0
31 WRAY 16-8 PN 07 47 20.0415822672 -51 15 03.433241648   11.9 12.80     Of(H) 106 0
32 WRAY 15-157 Sy* 08 06 34.8732150919 -28 32 01.221459066   10.0 7.4     G5III 23 0
33 V* RX Pup Sy* 08 14 12.3036011353 -41 42 29.086820756   12.39 9.00     M5.5 194 1
34 WRAY 15-208 Em* 08 24 53.1394641791 -51 28 32.979940271   11.1 12.3     Be 18 0
35 EM* AS 201 PN 08 31 42.8825036476 -27 45 31.541479213   13 11.80     F9III 87 0
36 V* AP Pyx LP? 09 18 43.6324852044 -34 05 45.297832987   9.06 7.53     M4III 18 0
37 * tet Pyx * 09 21 29.5906789101 -25 57 55.576659259 8.36 6.33 4.72 3.32 2.24 M0.5IIIBa0.5 64 0
38 WRAY 16-62 Sy* 09 54 43.2843108572 -57 18 52.397916164   13.77 12.92 13.01 10.93 M5-7.5 96 0
39 HD 90362 PM* 10 25 44.2708373166 -07 03 35.363612599 8.94 7.08 5.56 4.31 3.36 K6IIIFe-0.5 64 0
40 * mu. Hya PM* 10 26 05.42630 -16 50 10.6429 7.11 5.29 3.81 2.70 1.87 K4III 117 0
41 WRAY 15-619 Sy* 10 39 08.6763276221 -51 24 12.653435600     12.26     M7 22 0
42 * 56 Leo LP? 10 56 01.4689991 +06 11 07.327524 8.45 7.24 5.78 3.53 1.44 M5.5III: 162 0
43 * p02 Leo V* 11 01 49.6746227 -02 29 04.500658 8.29 6.37 4.75 3.42 2.46 M0III 96 0
44 WRAY 15-807 Sy* 11 25 32.7506808301 -59 56 34.099526315     12.5 12.95 9.67 M6.5+Be 16 0
45 V* SY Mus Sy* 11 32 09.9958009466 -65 25 11.458645897   11.97 10.20     M4 159 0
46 V* VX Crt LP* 11 39 50.3340144196 -16 37 12.822883769 9.56 7.81 6.19     M3.5IIICa0.5 36 0
47 * nu. Vir LP* 11 45 51.5595736 +06 31 45.741287 7.32 5.54 4.04 2.79 1.78 M1III 243 0
48 V* II Hya LP* 11 48 45.0831243 -26 44 59.203936 8.38 6.71 5.11     M4+III 94 0
49 HD 107003 * 12 18 26.6630460379 -20 48 35.192016224   9.09 7.41     M2III 14 0
50 V* BI Cru Sy* 12 23 25.9928834665 -62 38 15.987814001 12.06 12.18 11.00 10.71   M2/3 128 0
51 V* BK Vir AB* 12 30 21.0150535628 +04 24 59.159360514 9.60 8.82 7.28     M7-III: 136 0
52 V* RT Cru Sy* 12 34 53.7358537036 -64 33 56.097590683   12.20 11.35 12.09   M4/5e 81 0
53 WRAY 16-119 Em* 12 45 47.0075978149 -63 00 35.642303896   16.60 16.61     M7.5 40 2
54 WRAY 15-1022 Sy* 12 50 58.0842080714 -57 50 46.485777360   13.5 14.30     M6 22 0
55 * del Vir RG* 12 55 36.2086058 +03 23 50.893225 6.76 4.97 3.38 1.86 0.53 M3+III 260 0
56 Hen 3-863 Sy* 13 07 43.8884229100 -48 00 19.546727738     12.60     ~ 23 0
57 V* SW Vir AB* 13 14 04.3908742003 -02 48 25.155302846 9.24 8.52 6.85     M7III: 253 0
58 PN Sa 3-22 Sy* 13 14 30.3006079526 -58 51 49.628840748       13.91 12.06 M4.5III 20 1
59 V* V1044 Cen Sy* 13 16 01.3761506984 -37 00 10.774173266   11.70 11.10     M5.5 26 0
60 V* V840 Cen No* 13 20 49.4621524652 -55 50 14.559905122         12.951 K5III 19 0
61 WRAY 15-1108 Sy* 13 30 37.1494313149 -57 58 20.208306812     12.5     M3 17 0
62 * l Vir PM* 13 31 57.8850553 -06 15 20.941894 8.25 6.29 4.69 3.23 2.07 M2.5III 79 0
63 V* RW Hya Sy* 13 34 18.1290422733 -25 22 48.885732567   11.51 10.00     M1/2IIIe 191 0
64 THA 17-52 Sy* 13 35 29.9319147421 -64 45 43.323541193   15.28 12.63     M6 22 1
65 WRAY 16-141 Sy* 13 54 55.6946202251 -58 27 16.514641541     15.00     K?e 60 1
66 WRAY 16-147 Sy* 14 11 52.0611401558 -51 26 24.183936749     14.20     ~ 224 1
67 WRAY 16-148 Sy* 14 14 09.4122615979 -63 25 46.331710785     14.00     Me 132 1
68 SV* HV 6516 LP* 14 15 59.6788456205 -61 53 50.268159401     12.00     F6V 41 0
69 BD-21 3873 Sy* 14 16 34.2916048270 -21 45 50.037192663   12.060 10.684     K2e 72 0
70 V* RX Boo AB* 14 24 11.6240733185 +25 42 13.381760051   9.23 8.60     M7.5-M8 428 0
71 * phi Vir PM* 14 28 12.1387305861 -02 13 40.648944384   5.522 4.840     G2IV 177 0
72 WRAY 16-180 Sy* 15 24 49.78 -51 49 52.6     15.00     M3.5-7e 64 1
73 WRAY 15-1359 Em* 15 48 28.2797809951 -44 19 01.507494790     14.20     M0 16 0
74 HD 330036 Em* 15 51 15.92914 -48 44 58.5409   13.09 11.28     F5III-IV 152 1
75 V* T CrB Sy* 15 59 30.1619486506 +25 55 12.607985109   11.516 10.247 9.70   M3IIIe_sh 668 0
76 V* AG Dra Sy* 16 01 41.0125687664 +66 48 10.131181273 11.50 11.06 9.74 8.52   K3IIIep 481 0
77 WRAY 16-202 Sy* 16 06 56.976 -49 26 41.81     15.10 15.82 12.52 M6 17 1
78 WRAY 16-208 Sy* 16 14 01.1073903481 -56 59 28.038473712     16.00     M8/9e 84 1
79 Haro 1-2 Sy* 16 23 21.6448145976 -27 40 10.322760377   14.42 13.43 13.33   M4e 28 0
80 WRAY 16-226 Sy* 16 34 04.2436754437 -35 05 26.742990721     14.80     M6.5 84 0
81 WRAY 15-1511 Sy* 16 35 15.0822559836 -51 42 27.579128028 14.14 13.92 12.78 11.47 9.80 M2e 31 0
82 WRAY 15-1518 Sy* 16 36 24.6395793081 -39 51 44.393580341   13.3 13.83   10.97 M3-6e/Be 34 1
83 WRAY 16-230 Sy* 16 41 31.2085020089 -45 13 04.603396760     15     M3-M7e 40 1
84 V* KX TrA Sy* 16 44 35.4675096233 -62 37 14.057715396   11.91 11.38 12.33   M6 95 1
85 EM* AS 210 Sy* 16 51 20.41 -26 00 26.7   11.5 11.9     ~ 71 1
86 V* CL Sco Sy* 16 54 51.9703959046 -30 37 18.265275485   12.59 11.98 12.24   M4 57 0
87 EM* AS 217 Sy* 17 07 21.7347911127 -34 05 14.438321933     14.00     ~ 64 2
88 Hen 3-1341 Sy* 17 08 36.5712745890 -17 26 30.407858350           M3.5 58 0
89 Hen 3-1342 Sy* 17 08 54.9701224747 -23 23 36.503581230     13.50     M2 25 0
90 EM* AS 221 Sy* 17 12 12.8614781623 -32 37 46.747027749     16.0     M4 41 1
91 PN Th 3-20 Sy* 17 29 06.2022460727 -29 43 17.599798780     14.00 16.05   M1.5 42 1
92 Hen 2-247 Sy* 17 34 17.2183887545 -19 09 22.805895860   14.0       M4/6e 49 2
93 EQ 1735-2352 Sy* 17 38 49.552 -23 54 05.43   16.0       M1 21 1
94 V* RT Ser No* 17 39 51.9830954180 -11 56 38.823655557     10.60     A8 125 0
95 V* AE Ara Sy* 17 41 04.9192760059 -47 03 27.195993613   12.16 11.63 12.74   M2-5.5+Be 67 1
96 V* V916 Sco Sy* 17 43 54.71 -36 03 26.5           ~ 20 0
97 Hen 2-289 Sy* 17 49 48.22 -37 01 27.9   7.73       M8 160 1
98 V* RS Oph No* 17 50 13.1592776879 -06 42 28.481553668   11.884 10.776 11.228   OB+M2ep 952 0
99 PN MaC 1-9 Sy* 17 55 52.6844213951 -14 06 49.127375451           M2 16 1
100 EM* AS 255 Sy* 17 57 08.7139348438 -35 15 37.810713732   12 12.60     K3 29 0
101 Ve 3-61 Sy* 17 57 16.0084321799 -21 41 29.104022243           M7/9e 67 2
102 NAME DT Ser PN PN? 18 01 52.0895603556 -01 26 18.436855259 15.32 15.91 15.40 15.46 15.36 ~ 13 0
103 V* DT Ser * 18 01 52.2757986870 -01 26 15.680928439   13.62 12.37 12.77   F8III-V 14 0
104 ESO 456-47 Em* 18 04 29.8 -28 21 28           M0 43 1
105 EM* AS 270 SB* 18 05 33.7295668758 -20 20 38.075506391   11 13.71     M5.5 31 0
106 Hen 3-1591 Sy* 18 07 32.0162055140 -25 53 43.326635637   13.0 12.0     K1III: 39 0
107 SV* HV 7199 Sy* 18 07 39.9995366936 -36 06 21.275473868     12.80     M2-5.5e+Be 34 1
108 Ve 2-57 LP? 18 08 22.0542730008 -24 33 45.033436172     12.5     ~ 16 0
109 EM* AS 276 Em* 18 09 09.5386602191 -41 13 26.627751722   11.5 13.70     M4 22 0
110 EM* AS 280 Sy* 18 09 52.3101451107 -33 19 49.927968253   12 13.10 13.32   Me 25 2
111 PN Ap 1-9 Em* 18 10 28.9282171095 -28 07 41.040054081     12.5     K4 44 1
112 EM* AS 281 Sy* 18 10 43.8625428467 -27 57 50.104889358   12 13.60     M4/6e 54 1
113 EM* AS 282 Sy* 18 11 01.6882780212 -28 32 40.363721638     15.00 14.63   M4/6e 59 1
114 EM* AS 289 Sy* 18 12 22.1424632235 -11 40 07.117086481   10.5 12.40     M3 48 0
115 V* Y CrA Sy* 18 14 22.9509921769 -42 50 32.318792040     13.30     M6 43 1
116 EM* AS 297 Sy* 18 14 34.1920433871 +20 59 21.188200993     11.10     M2pev 137 0
117 EM* AS 293 Sy* 18 14 34.52 -29 49 23.7   11 12.70     M2/3e 45 1
118 V* FG Ser Sy* 18 15 07.1024604258 -00 18 52.284453619     11.87     M3e 109 0
119 HD 319167 Sy* 18 15 24.6726312577 -30 31 55.337008176     13.30 13.23 10.90 M4/6e 47 2
120 Hen 2-374 Sy* 18 15 31.0676903420 -21 35 22.808069215     13.9     M5/7e 35 2
121 EM* AS 294 LP? 18 15 46.3083784425 -27 53 46.206108152     14.40     M2 35 1
122 EM* AS 295B No* 18 16 05.56234 -30 51 11.3135     13.80     M 39 0
123 NSV 10453 V* 18 17 04 -47 31.9           ~ 1 0
124 EM* AS 299 Sy* 18 17 20.2781108704 -28 09 49.114302794   12.85 12.17     Bepec+M0 32 1
125 WRAY 15-1864 Sy* 18 20 19.06 -26 22 46.5   12.5 14.50     M5 23 0
126 V* AR Pav EB* 18 20 27.8818737427 -66 04 42.931712420   11.36 7.40     B1 147 0
127 V* V3929 Sgr Sy* 18 20 58.8679437898 -26 48 25.632262884   13.9     14.50 ~ 64 1
128 EM* MWC 603 Sy* 18 22 07.8547728418 +23 27 19.933241936   12.34 11.52     M3ep+O 115 0
129 V* V3811 Sgr LP* 18 23 29.00 -21 53 09.5     15.447   12.864 M4/6e 33 2
130 CD-28 14567 Sy* 18 25 26.8453094765 -28 35 57.492770585   11.73 11.00 11.598   Be+M4e 42 0
131 EM* AS 316 Sy* 18 42 32.8018833036 -21 17 46.660928232   12   13.29 10.96 M4 38 2
132 EM* MWC 960 Sy* 18 47 55.8116013132 -20 05 50.984220676   13.5 12.0     K7 31 0
133 EM* AS 327 Sy* 18 53 16.6635773121 -24 22 58.804910844   11.5 13.00     M1-3 47 1
134 V* FN Sgr Sy* 18 53 54.7732843778 -18 59 40.660080929           M5IIIe 54 0
135 EM* AS 337 Sy* 19 03 45.1171336102 -16 59 55.379967647   12.99 12.34 12.53   M3IIIe 37 0
136 EM* AS 338 Sy* 19 03 46.8372000088 +16 26 16.971257937           M5IIIe 91 2
137 NSV 11776 Pe* 19 09 56 -02 47.7   14.41 13.49     ~ 13 0
138 PN Ap 3-1 Sy* 19 10 36.1326165636 +02 49 28.139687942     15.9     M5 42 1
139 V* BF Cyg Sy* 19 23 53.5009795759 +29 40 29.173306238   10.52 9.30     Bep+M5III 269 0
140 V* CH Cyg Sy* 19 24 33.0697620341 +50 14 29.057625755 8.14 8.77 7.08   5.345 M7IIIab+Be 747 0
141 V* HM Sge Sy* 19 41 57.0758884476 +16 44 39.856454738   12.38 11.10     M7 439 1
142 V* V399 Pav LP* 19 42 25.3834712668 -68 07 35.342136916   11.49 10.86     M4IIIe 27 0
143 EM* AS 360 Sy* 19 45 49.5494362255 +18 36 47.661305482     12.50     M4IIIe 50 0
144 V* CI Cyg Sy* 19 50 11.8344401438 +35 41 03.000692799   11.97 9.90     M4.9III 412 0
145 EM* AS 373 Sy* 19 57 05.0184580246 +39 49 36.085051314     11.50   10.592 M6/8e 572 0
146 V* RR Tel Sy* 20 04 18.5382966387 -55 43 33.154224077 9.93 11.33 10.81     WN3-6.5+M3.5-7 521 0
147 V* PU Vul No* 20 21 13.3112218215 +21 34 18.693825946   11.13 10.87     A4II-F8Iab+M6IIIe 298 0
148 V* LT Del Sy* 20 35 57.2353984617 +20 11 27.504214453           G6III 98 1
149 V* V1329 Cyg Sy* 20 51 01.2322054447 +35 34 54.111427235           M4IIIe 297 2
150 CD-43 14304 Sy* 21 00 06.3577224043 -42 38 44.938778022     11.0     K7e 54 0
151 EM* StHA 190 Sy* 21 41 44.8880611733 +02 43 54.409367196   11.13 10.22     G5e 43 0
152 V* AG Peg Sy* 21 51 01.9733955799 +12 37 32.124041390   6.76 6.00     M3IIIe 497 0
153 V* Z And Sy* 23 33 39.9551345051 +48 49 05.973842875 8.86 9.35 8.00     M2III+B1eq 508 0
154 V* R Aqr Sy* 23 43 49.4629939776 -15 17 04.184232557   8.823 7.683 9.37   M6.5-8.5e 754 0

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2021.09.19-16:02:01

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