2001A&A...367..362G


Query : 2001A&A...367..362G

2001A&A...367..362G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 367, 362-370 (2001/2-3)

Location accuracy limitations for CCD cameras.

GAI M., CAROLLO D., DELBO M., LATTANZI M.G., MASSONE G., BERTINETTO F., MANA G. and CESARE S.

Abstract (from CDS):

The accurate measurement of the position of celestial objects is a fundamental step for several astrophysical investigations. For ground based instruments, the atmosphere is considered the basic limiting factor; in space, the knowledge of the instrumental parameters and/or of their stability define the performance limits, but CCD cameras operated in time delay integration may take advantage of their operating mode to reduce significantly the calibration problem. We implemented a low-cost laboratory experiment aimed at assessing the precision achievable in the location determination with a CCD camera, by evaluating the measurement repeatability throughout a set of images of a simulated stellar field. Our experiment provides an initial location dispersion of the order of 1/100 of the CCD pixel, with clear evidence of dominant common mode effects. After removing such terms with straightforward numerical procedures, we achieve a final location precision of 1/700 pixel on individual images, or 1/1300 pixel on co-added images. The scaling of precision with target magnitude is in quite good agreement with theoretical expectations. The initial common mode systematics appear to be induced by the thermal control of the CCD camera head, which degrades the structural stability. In actual implementations, such problems can be greatly reduced by proper design. Finally, our results show that residual effects, which could hamper the final astrometric accuracy, can be calibrated out with simple procedures.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): instrumentation: detectors - methods: data analysis - space vehicles - techniques: image processing - astrometry

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 HD 31764 V* 04 58 59.4111819144 +14 32 35.698979868 5.87 6.097 6.058     B7V 64 0

Query : 2001A&A...367..362G

Basic data :
HD 31764 -- Variable Star
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
* (HD,AG,...), ** (**,ADS,...), V* (CSV,NSV), IR (2MASS)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
04 58 59.4111819144 +14 32 35.698979868 (Optical) [ 0.0850 0.0459 90 ] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
04 56 09.0066018923 +14 28 06.430341364 [ 0.0850 0.0459 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
186.1217717595353 -16.9429327331303 [ 0.0850 0.0459 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
4.837 -7.832 [0.116 0.081 90] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 6.40 [1.4] / z(~) 0.000021 [0.000005] / cz 6.40 [1.40]
   B 2006AstL...32..759G
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
2.585 [0.0942] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
B7V D ~
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (7) :
U 5.87 [~] D 2003AJ....125.2531R
B 6.097 [0.014] D 2000A&A...355L..27H
V 6.058 [0.009] D 2000A&A...355L..27H
G 6.037546 [0.002812] C 2020yCat.1350....0G
J 5.807 [0.020] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 5.805 [0.017] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 5.796 [0.018] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (33) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

HD 31764 GCRV 55680 NSV 1788 WDS J04590+1433A
** SH 49 GEN# +1.00031764A PMSC 04533+1423A WEB 4492
ADS 3579 A GSC 00697-02146 PPM 120459 YPAC 364
AG+14 452 HIC 23161 SAO 94240 YZ 14 1439
ALS 17962 HIP 23161 SKY# 7785 Gaia DR2 3392572371936304000
BD+14 796 HR 1600 TIC 59091000 Gaia EDR3 3392572371936304000
CCDM J04590+1433A IDS 04533+1423 A TYC 697-2146-1
CSV 102460 2MASS J04585940+1432356 UBV 4787
GC 6072 N30 1062 uvby98 100031764 A

References (64 between 1850 and 2022) (Total 64)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


velocities : 4    distance : 2    ROT : 1    Fe_H : 1    PLX : 4    PM : 4    MK : 1   

   


External archives :

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

HD 31764 AG+14 452 ALS 17962 BD+14 796 CCDM J04590+1433A
GSC 00697-02146 HIC 23161 HIP 23161 HR 1600 2MASS J04585940+1432356
NSV 1788 PPM 120459 SAO 94240 TYC 697-2146-1 uvby98 100031764 A
WDS J04590+1433A Gaia DR2 3392572371936304000 Gaia EDR3 3392572371936304000

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2022.08.13-09:10:49

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