2001A&A...368..267M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.28CET07:25:40

2001A&A...368..267M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 368, 267-279 (2001/3-2)

Spatially resolved spectroscopy of Cassiopeia A with MECS on board Beppo-SAX.

MACCARONE M.C., MINEO T. and PREITE-MARTINEZ A.

Abstract (from CDS):

We have performed the first detailed spatially resolved spectroscopy of Cas A in the 1.6-10 keV energy range, using data taken with the MECS spectrometer on board the BeppoSAX Observatory. The well calibrated point spread function in the central region of the MECS allowed us to perform a spatial deconvolution of the data at full energy resolution. We eventually generated a set of spectra, covering a region of ∼3' radius around the centre of Cas A. The results obtained by fitting these spectra using a non-equilibrium ionisation plasma model and a power law, improve our knowledge about chemical and physical parameters of the Cas A SuperNova Remnant: (i) a single thermal component is sufficient to fit all the spectra; (ii) kT is rather uniformly distributed with a minimum in the east and a maximum in the west, and no evidence is found for high kT expected from the interaction of the main shock with the ISM; (iii) from the distribution of the values of the ionisation parameter net we infer the presence of two distinct components: the first (a) with ne in the range 1-10cm–3, the second (b) with values ten times higher; if we associate component a to the CSM and component b to the ejecta, the mass ratio M(a)/M(b)≤1/10 indicates a progenitor star that lost only a small fraction of the envelope during its pre-SN life. In this hypothesis the distribution of component b across the remnant suggests that the explosion was not spherically symmetric; (iv) the distribution of abundances indicates that we are detecting a CSM component with almost solar composition, and an ejecta component enriched in heavier elements. Abundances found for α-elements are consistent with the current view that Cas A was produced by the explosion of a massive star. A low Fe overabundance can be an indication that at the moment of the explosion the mass-cut was rather high, locking most of the produced 56Ni into the stellar remnant.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: SuperNova remnants - X-rays: ISM - methods: data analysis - techniques: image processing, spectroscopic - ISM: individual: Cas A

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/368/267): table4.dat>

Simbad objects: 1

goto Full paper

goto View the reference in ADS

Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00           ~ 2440 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.28CET07:25:40

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
NAME Cas A -- SuperNova Remnant
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
X (3A,CXOU,...), Rad (BWE,3C,...), gam (1FGL,2FGL,...), SNR (Ref,2013ApJS..207...19B,...), SN* (SN)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00 [ ] D 2015ApJS..217....2M
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
23 21 08.219 +58 32 25.55 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
111.734745 -02.129570 [ ]
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
5.0 5.0 90 (Rad) D 2014BASI...42...47G
SIMBAD with radius arcmin
Interactive AladinLite view
Back
sedIcon
VizieR photometry viewer    sed-help-icon
within radius arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


Hierarchy : number of linked objects
whatever the membership probability is (see description here ) :

: 1 Display criteria :

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (44) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

NAME Cas A CXOU J232327.9+584842 3FHL J2323.4+5848 SN 1667
3A 2321+585 DA 601 GAL 111.7-02.1 SN 1680
AJG 109 DB 123 1H 2321+585 SWIFT J2323.3+5849
BWE 2321+5832 2E 4724 H 2334+60 SWIFT J2323.2+5848
3C 461 2E 2321.1+5833 INTREF 1108 TeV J2323+588
3C 461.0 1ES 2321+58.5 NAME Cassiopeia A 2U 2321+58
4C 58.40 1FGL J2323.4+5849 NRAO 711 3U 2321+58
8C 2321+585 2FGL J2323.4+5849 PBC J2323.3+5849 4U 2321+58
3CR 461 3FGL J2323.4+5849 1RXS J232325.4+584838 W 81
CTA 105 1FHL J2323.3+5849 SNR G111.7-02.1 [DGW65] 148
CTB 110 2FHL J2323.4+5848 SN 1671 [KRL2007b] 402

Plots and Images

plot

radius arcmin


CDS portal

CDS Simplay
(requires flash)

Aladin applet

References (2440 between 1850 and 2020) (Total 2440)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
Follow new references on this object
                Reference summaries :

                from: to:

                 or select by : (not exhaustive, explanation here)


Collections of Measurements


distance : 1   

   

Observing logs


ISO : 98    XMM : 15    herschel : 29   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : NAME Cas A

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

BWE 2321+5832 3C 461 3C 461.0 4C 58.40 3CR 461
2E 4724 1RXS J232325.4+584838

Search by coordinates in Vizier (radius: 30 arcsec)


Annotations :
Annotations allow a user to add a note or report an error concerning the astronomical object and its data. It requires registration to post a note. See description .
Please, have a look at Best practices. The list of all annotations to SIMBAD objects can be found here .

Currently no annotations available

add an annotation to this object

report an error concerning the data of this object


To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2001A&A...368..267M and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


2020.10.28-07:25:40

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact