2001A&A...370..982M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.28CET06:38:33

2001A&A...370..982M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 370, 982-990 (2001/5-2)

Convection in the atmospheres and envelopes of turnoff and giant branch stars of globular clusters.

MONTALBAN J., KUPKA F., D'ANTONA F. and SCHMIDT W.

Abstract (from CDS):

We explore the dependence of Teff's and colors of stellar models on the treatment of over-adiabatic convection, both in the atmosphere and in the interior. We compute main sequence, turnoff, and subgiant models for low metallicity stars (Z=2x10–4) using as boundary conditions two new sets of model atmospheres by the Wien group (Kupka, 1996, ASP Conf. Ser., 108, 73; Smalley & Kupka, 1997A&A...328..349S; Heiter et al., 2001, A&A, in prep.). In these models convection is treated either in the Mixing Length Theory (MLT) or in the Full Spectrum of Turbulence (FST) formulation. We check the dependence of the Teff location of the HR diagram both on the optical depth τ at which the atmospheric boundary conditions are fixed, and on the convective model adopted in the atmosphere and interior. Obviously, full selfconsistency of the result is obtained only if the treatment of convection is the same in the outer layers and in the interior. We show that it is not appropriate to use MLT convection in the atmosphere and FST in the interior; if we wish to test the effect of changing the l/Hp in the MLT, the atmospheric integration must be limited to τ=1. We construct isochrones for ages of 10 Gyr and greater, and transform the theoretical Teff and gravity values to the Johnson B and V magnitudes. The two sets of model atmospheres give small differences (up to ∼0.03mag) for the B-V color, a result of the different temperature stratification in the model atmosphere with FST convection treatment compared to that one based on MLT. The FST boundary conditions provide relative locations of turnoff and giant branch which differ from the MLT solutions, and are in better agreement with the HR diagram morphology of the Globular Cluster M 92.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: evolution - stars: atmospheres - convection - Galaxy: globular clusters: individual: M 92

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 M 92 GlC 17 17 07.39 +43 08 09.4     6.52     ~ 1916 0
2 NGC 6397 GlC 17 40 42.09 -53 40 27.6   7.39 5.17     ~ 1808 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.10.28-06:38:33

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