2001A&A...373...24P


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.02.17CET10:20:14

2001A&A...373...24P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 373, 24-37 (2001/7-1)

Environment status of blue compact galaxies and trigger of star formation.

PUSTILNIK S.A., KNIAZEV A.Y., LIPOVETSKY V.A. and UGRYUMOV A.V.

Abstract (from CDS):

The work studies of the environment of low-mass galaxies with active star formation (SF) and a possible trigger of SF bursts due to gravitational interaction. Following the study by Taylor et al. (1995ApJS...99..427T), we extend the search for possible disturbing galaxies of various masses to a much larger sample of 86 BCGs from the sky region of the Second Byurakan survey (SBS). The BCG magnitudes and radial velocities are revised and up-dated. The sample under study is separated by the criteria: EW([OIII]λ5007)>45Å and Vh<6000km/s and should be representative of all low-mass galaxies which experience SF bursts. We argue that the moderate tidal disturbers should be taken into account, and incorporate the respective range of distances in the search for disturbing neighbours. The majority of the neighbours in the vicinity of the studied BCGs are found through the study of their environment among UZC (Falco et al., 1999PASP..111..438F) galaxies, and the follow-up careful search of the fainter galaxies in the NED database. For the remaining BCGs, the neighbouring galaxies are found based on the results of the SAO 6m telescope spectroscopy. By studing the data on the radial velocities of galaxies in the vicinity of BCGs we found: 1) 33 of the studied BCGs (∼38.5%) are associated with significantly brighter galaxies (ΔB≥1.5m); 2) 23 BCGs (∼26.5%) have neighbours either of comparable or significantly lower brightness; 3) 14 of the studied BCGs (16%) with no evident associated galaxy are either certain, or probable, mergers. Summarizing, we conclude that in ∼80% (or more) BCGs from the studied sample, the SF bursts are triggered either by tidal action of various strengths from other galaxies, or due to mergers of low-mass galaxies. We briefly discuss the implications of our main conclusion for evolutionary links of BCGs to other types of low-mass galaxies. Part of our sample falls into the volume belonging to the Local Supercluster. Therefore we formulate the results separately on the ``Local Supercluster volume'' and ``general field region''. The total fractions of BCGs likely triggered by interaction with other galaxy are respectively, ∼84.5% and 80% for the nearby volume and for the general field. The fractions of BCGs with significantly brighter disturbers in these two groups are seemingly different (∼54±14% vs. ∼31.5±7%, respectively). Among the so called ``isolated'' BCGs (that is, without a bright neighbouring galaxy) in both the Local Supercluster volume and in general field, ∼43±10% are probably disturbed by dwarf galaxies and ∼26±8% have a merger morphology. In the Appendix we present the results of the spectroscopy with the SAO 6m telescope of 27 galaxies in an attempt to find possible disturbing galaxies in the vicinity of some of the sample BCGs.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: interaction - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: starburst

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/373/24): table2.dat notes.dat table3.dat tablea1.dat>

Nomenclature: Table A1: [PKL2001] HHMM+DDMM N=27.

Simbad objects: 165

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Number of rows : 165

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1370 1
2 NAME IC 342 Group GrG 03 48 42 +68 00.8           ~ 97 1
3 NGC 1569 IG 04 30 49.186 +64 50 52.52 11.72 11.86 11.03     ~ 1143 3
4 UGCA 92 G 04 32 04.9 +63 36 49   16.15       ~ 115 0
5 NGC 1560 GiG 04 32 49.087 +71 52 59.20   12.1       ~ 239 0
6 Mrk 1409 G 07 45 29.7 +53 25 37   17.0       ~ 18 0
7 SBSG 0741+535 G 07 45 29.70 +53 25 38.0           ~ 12 0
8 MCG+10-12-007 G 07 53 14.379 +56 45 17.96   17       ~ 3 0
9 2MASX J07532750+5643369 EmG 07 53 27.510 +56 43 36.98   17.0       ~ 9 0
10 LEDA 2800845 G 07 53 41.6 +56 41 52   18.0       ~ 23 0
11 MCG+09-13-092 G 07 55 43.0213058748 +56 34 40.915281576   16       ~ 6 0
12 NGC 2458 G 07 55 51.343 +56 42 38.15   16       ~ 7 0
13 NGC 2462 GiG 07 56 32.0758000836 +56 41 13.783102084   15.5       ~ 9 0
14 UGC 4499 GiP 08 37 41.489 +51 39 08.58   13.50       ~ 112 1
15 Mrk 94 GiP 08 37 43.48 +51 38 30.3   16.5       ~ 24 0
16 Mrk 19 G 09 16 44.022 +59 46 28.62   16.0       ~ 50 0
17 Mrk 104 Sy1 09 16 45.5117650111 +53 26 34.291181123   14.7       ~ 39 0
18 UGC 4906 Sy2 09 17 39.9259804680 +52 59 34.407776370   16.68 15.97     ~ 51 0
19 MCG+09-15-124 G 09 20 07.61 +54 04 36.0   15.6       ~ 4 1
20 2MASX J09201269+5406283 LSB 09 20 12.696 +54 06 28.37   15.6       ~ 10 0
21 Mrk 1416 G 09 20 56.0 +52 34 07   17.0       ~ 55 0
22 LB 555 EmG 09 30 06.437 +60 26 53.34   17.0       ~ 34 0
23 SBSG 0926+606B GiP 09 30 09.6 +60 28 04   18.0       ~ 12 0
24 Mrk 116 PaG 09 34 02.1 +55 14 25           ~ 985 1
25 LEDA 27886 QSO 09 44 17.101 +54 11 28.83   19.5       ~ 63 0
26 Mrk 1424 G 09 46 27.9 +57 07 02   16.5       ~ 18 0
27 LEDA 28102 G 09 47 05.776 +54 05 40.32   16       ~ 22 0
28 Mrk 22 Sy1 09 49 30.3096198376 +55 34 46.971972356   15.7       ~ 66 0
29 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.80342 +55 40 47.2428 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1231 3
30 UGC 5421 G 10 04 41.718 +55 18 40.93   16.5       ~ 42 0
31 UGC 5480 G 10 10 13.586 +58 29 25.17   15.6       ~ 7 0
32 Mrk 27 G 10 11 56.39 +58 44 03.8   17.0       ~ 14 0
33 LEDA 2815910 GiP 10 14 57.1 +59 51 10           ~ 7 0
34 LEDA 2815909 G 10 14 59.1 +59 49 03   17.5       ~ 6 0
35 UGC 5676 G 10 29 05.325 +54 43 05.21   14.8       ~ 28 0
36 Mrk 33 IG 10 32 31.956 +54 24 03.53 13.29 13.66 13.13 12.71 12.27 ~ 320 1
37 Mrk 1434 SBG 10 34 10.155 +58 03 49.13   16.5   16.54   ~ 64 0
38 2MASX J10363635+5251013 G 10 36 36.357 +52 51 01.40   16.0       ~ 11 0
39 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.857 +53 30 11.89   12.45 12.15     ~ 724 1
40 MCG+08-20-009 G 10 39 37.980 +48 55 08.06   16       ~ 6 0
41 MCG+08-20-012 Sy1 10 40 02.6969763909 +49 33 04.662126495   15       ~ 9 0
42 LEDA 2336386 G 10 40 42.852 +49 12 23.21   17.0       ~ 12 0
43 HS 1037+4932 G 10 40 56.7 +49 17 00   17.5       ~ 2 0
44 2MASX J10423509+4922570 G 10 42 35.1012222860 +49 22 57.039619891           ~ 2 0
45 NGC 3353 AGN 10 45 22.390 +55 57 37.36 12.90 13.25 12.79     ~ 316 1
46 UGC 5888 G 10 47 45.817 +56 05 28.11   14.80       ~ 20 1
47 UGC 6016 G 10 54 12.756 +54 17 14.08   17       ~ 35 0
48 NGC 3448 IG 10 54 39.240 +54 18 18.82   12.2       ~ 185 1
49 Mrk 157 G 10 55 02.2607145773 +49 43 32.876037273   14.0       ~ 31 0
50 2MASX J10565868+5008256 G 10 56 58.6936354183 +50 08 26.205260173   15.7       ~ 19 0
51 UGC 6074 G 10 59 58.2581813892 +50 54 10.881501131   14.3       ~ 27 0
52 LEDA 2815941 G 11 00 06.1 +50 51 23   17.5       ~ 10 0
53 2MASX J11170546+5830596 G 11 17 05.460 +58 30 59.64   17.5       ~ 15 0
54 Mrk 1445 GiP 11 17 32.292 +51 25 53.27   16.5       ~ 24 0
55 UGC 6309 GiP 11 17 46.421 +51 28 36.23   13.7       ~ 49 0
56 UGC 6304 G 11 17 49.115 +58 21 07.49   16.5       ~ 15 0
57 NAME Arp's Galaxy G 11 19 34.344 +51 30 12.17   17.3       ~ 54 0
58 NGC 3642 LIN 11 22 18.014 +59 04 27.27   14.86 14.04     ~ 186 0
59 LEDA 34916 G 11 22 37.760 +58 19 42.61   19.5       ~ 16 0
60 NGC 3656 GiP 11 23 38.595 +53 50 31.38 14.50 14.25 12.75     ~ 124 1
61 LEDA 2815958 G 11 23 40.6 +58 22 41   18.5       ~ 10 0
62 [PKL2001] 1120+5838 G 11 23 47.8 +58 22 10           ~ 1 1
63 LEDA 35089 G 11 25 02.987 +57 16 07.27   17.5       ~ 12 0
64 LEDA 35175 G 11 26 12.933 +57 21 12.63   16.5       ~ 13 0
65 IC 691 AGN 11 26 44.275 +59 09 19.71   14.2       ~ 80 0
66 NGC 3683 H2G 11 27 31.890 +56 52 36.15   12.7       ~ 160 0
67 Mrk 1446 H2G 11 27 32.6579678198 +53 54 54.584890570   16.5       ~ 26 0
68 UGC 6456 bCG 11 28 00.43 +78 59 38.4   14.50       ~ 303 1
69 2MASX J11280486+5556303 G 11 28 04.9128239726 +55 56 30.800293700   16.0       ~ 13 0
70 LEDA 35516 EmG 11 31 16.361 +57 03 58.81   18.5       ~ 32 0
71 MCG+10-17-011 G 11 32 02.622 +57 22 36.69   17       ~ 42 1
72 MCG+10-17-010 G 11 32 03.920 +57 26 21.39   15.3       ~ 21 1
73 UGC 6538 GiC 11 33 17.08 +49 17 03.6   16.0       ~ 17 0
74 Mrk 178 bCG 11 33 29.12 +49 14 17.4 14.69 14.61 14.25 14.17   ~ 210 1
75 NGC 3738 AGN 11 35 48.982 +54 31 24.70   12.12 12.04 11.56   ~ 243 0
76 Mrk 1450 H2G 11 38 35.6604109660 +57 52 26.730510064   15.5       ~ 101 1
77 LEDA 36120 G 11 39 11.529 +60 30 45.04   18       ~ 13 0
78 UGC 6616 G 11 39 21.3441040599 +58 16 06.979922869   14.2       ~ 48 0
79 UGC 6619 G 11 39 29.143 +60 32 46.31   15.4       ~ 23 0
80 LEDA 36216 G 11 40 32.087 +58 38 32.07   17.80       ~ 20 0
81 7C 114610.00+594129.00 Bla 11 48 50.35825 +59 24 56.3820   12.9   11.57   ~ 202 1
82 LEDA 2399182 GiC 11 49 54.453 +51 44 10.99   17.0       ~ 20 0
83 NGC 3917 GiP 11 50 45.487 +51 49 27.16   12.5       ~ 156 0
84 LEDA 2815971 G 11 52 33.9 +59 22 55   18.0       ~ 8 0
85 Mrk 193 G 11 55 28.5 +57 39 44   16.5       ~ 56 0
86 UGC 6939 LIN 11 57 42.8921244259 +57 33 56.905684983   14.6       ~ 13 0
87 LEDA 2815986 G 12 02 02.493 +54 15 51.05   18.0       ~ 63 0
88 2MASX J12021172+5124216 G 12 02 11.7498760317 +51 24 21.553525545           ~ 8 0
89 MCG+10-17-142 G 12 06 13.8 +58 58 13   16.5       ~ 14 0
90 LEDA 2501589 G 12 08 28.193 +55 25 25.89   17.0       ~ 28 0
91 NGC 4142 GiC 12 09 30.1666483958 +53 06 17.182548015   14.3       ~ 61 0
92 LEDA 39055 EmG 12 14 02.479 +53 45 17.35   18       ~ 68 0
93 NGC 4195 LSB 12 14 18.054 +59 36 55.06   15.5       ~ 28 0
94 LEDA 2790843 EmG 12 14 35.256 +49 06 47.86   18.0       ~ 10 0
95 Mrk 1468 LSB 12 16 01.190 +59 30 29.65   15.6       ~ 21 0
96 2MASX J12234282+5814459 Sy1 12 23 42.8128558124 +58 14 46.112261143   18.10 17.24     ~ 34 0
97 NGC 4358 G 12 23 57.5002269256 +58 22 50.294449914   14.7       ~ 8 0
98 SBSG 1221+545B G 12 24 22.9 +54 14 48   18       ~ 11 0
99 LEDA 2816012 G 12 24 51.4640561926 +58 32 40.581282042   17.5       ~ 12 0
100 MCG+10-18-044 G 12 24 53.798 +61 03 49.37   15       ~ 17 0
101 2MASX J12245726+6100476 LIN 12 24 57.2229036507 +61 00 48.035064035           ~ 3 0
102 2MASX J12250543+6109097 G 12 25 05.438 +61 09 09.72   17.0       ~ 41 0
103 UGCA 290 IG 12 37 21.7 +38 44 28   17       ~ 63 1
104 IC 3687 GiG 12 42 15.1536392607 +38 30 05.849182746   15.5       ~ 114 0
105 LEDA 2475785 G 12 43 46.4 +54 38 45   17.5       ~ 8 0
106 Mrk 220 GiP 12 43 47.897 +54 53 46.12     14.1     ~ 43 0
107 2MASX J12443613+5443277 G 12 44 36.134 +54 43 27.80   16.0       ~ 10 0
108 [PKL2001] 1242+5458 G 12 44 40.2 +54 42 24           ~ 1 1
109 SBSG 1307+563A QSO 13 09 07.2352255917 +56 03 26.603906300   18.65 18.48     ~ 26 0
110 UGC 8282 G 13 11 52.489 +60 14 49.87   15.0       ~ 38 0
111 LEDA 2600568 G 13 16 49.6998532874 +60 18 35.307471481   17.5       ~ 12 0
112 MCG+09-22-047 GiG 13 19 47.543 +52 04 13.20   16.0       ~ 18 0
113 [PKL2001] 1317+5219 G 13 19 48.8 +52 03 40           ~ 1 1
114 MCG+09-22-051 G 13 20 12.484 +51 45 54.85   16.0       ~ 13 0
115 NGC 5109 LSB 13 20 52.343 +57 38 41.05   13.6       ~ 43 0
116 NGC 5113 G 13 21 22.4 +57 41 28   15.2       ~ 19 0
117 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3722 4
118 MCG+08-25-018 G 13 33 23.308 +49 06 12.95   15.11 14.78     ~ 46 0
119 Mrk 1480 H2G 13 42 51.8581615148 +52 42 30.383855779   16.5       ~ 28 0
120 Mrk 1481 G 13 42 59.417 +52 41 18.14   17.0       ~ 23 0
121 LEDA 2587285 G 13 43 30.1 +59 10 05   17.5       ~ 12 0
122 [PKL2001] 1342+5923 G 13 44 33.7 +59 08 57           ~ 1 0
123 LEDA 2800846 G 14 00 34.492 +55 15 15.14           ~ 10 0
124 [PKL2001] 1401+4907 G 14 03 14.8 +48 52 54           ~ 1 0
125 2MASX J14033953+4847520 G 14 03 39.5743208586 +48 47 52.385656321   17.0       ~ 4 0
126 LEDA 2325111 G 14 03 44.715 +48 45 58.80   17.0       ~ 16 0
127 LEDA 140283 G 14 15 09.2 +49 20 32   17.0       ~ 12 0
128 [PKL2001] 1413+4934 G 14 15 09.7 +49 20 44           ~ 1 1
129 LEDA 99823 G 14 25 24.8 +51 33 16   17.0       ~ 19 0
130 NGC 5624 G 14 26 35.598 +51 35 10.44   14.1       ~ 30 0
131 NGC 5667 GiG 14 30 22.888 +59 28 10.84   13.1       ~ 51 0
132 LEDA 2589926 G 14 31 27.91 +59 23 28.6   16.5       ~ 12 0
133 [PKL2001] 1430+5242 G 14 32 28.6 +52 29 11           ~ 1 0
134 LEDA 51961 G 14 32 33.4 +52 24 50   16       ~ 18 0
135 UGC 9630 G 14 47 26.65 +52 49 52.8   16       ~ 8 0
136 LEDA 2816115 G 14 47 38.804 +59 21 51.85   18.0       ~ 13 0
137 [PKL2001] 1448+4233 G 14 49 42.2 +52 21 24           ~ 1 0
138 [PKL2001] 1448+5240 G 14 49 59.6 +52 28 07           ~ 1 0
139 Mrk 826 G 14 50 02.798 +52 24 22.55   15.0       ~ 19 0
140 NGC 5777 GiP 14 51 17.798 +58 58 40.12   14.2       ~ 80 0
141 [PKL2001] 1453+5239 G 14 54 37.6 +52 27 24           ~ 1 0
142 LEDA 2414734 G 14 54 42.9239357644 +52 25 44.966731767   17.0       ~ 18 0
143 [PKL2001] 1502+5307 G 15 04 01.9 +52 55 49           ~ 1 1
144 UGC 9688 Sy2 15 04 03.0143925865 +52 55 45.511906712   14.8       ~ 14 0
145 LEDA 214357 G 15 04 31.9 +52 55 17   17.5       ~ 10 0
146 [PKL2001] 1503+5121 G 15 05 13.7 +51 09 31           ~ 1 1
147 UGC 9702 G 15 05 14.898 +51 09 30.00   15.7       ~ 13 0
148 2MASX J15055149+5115052 G 15 05 51.493 +51 15 05.30   15.4       ~ 21 0
149 LEDA 2399396 G 15 25 19.362 +51 44 54.11   17.5       ~ 11 0
150 LEDA 2495689 G 15 25 58.358 +55 15 02.19   17.0       ~ 12 0
151 Mrk 481 G 15 27 50.5474304779 +55 26 13.443928089   15.6       ~ 15 0
152 NGC 5963 EmG 15 33 27.7333715909 +56 33 33.938950529   13.34 13.65     ~ 95 0
153 NVSS J153412+571655 rG 15 34 13.3860337334 +57 17 07.294760490   15.8       ~ 65 1
154 Mrk 487 bCG 15 37 04.237 +55 15 47.60   15.2       ~ 126 0
155 LEDA 2597325 G 15 52 41.255 +60 02 36.47   18.5       ~ 11 0
156 LEDA 2816167 G 15 57 02.1 +51 22 18   18.0       ~ 8 0
157 NVSS J155903+511815 rG 15 59 02.761 +51 18 16.24   15.0       ~ 47 0
158 NGC 6130 BiC 16 19 33.4304377224 +57 36 53.894575657   14.2       ~ 23 0
159 [PKL2001] 1620+5744 G 16 21 13.2 +57 37 44           ~ 1 1
160 LEDA 2569029 G 16 21 13.2 +57 37 45   17.5       ~ 11 0
161 NGC 6187 GiG 16 31 36.7478146796 +57 42 24.201537211   15.1       ~ 9 0
162 LEDA 2816176 G 16 33 35.9 +57 46 27   19.0       ~ 5 0
163 Mrk 1499 bCG 16 35 20.996 +52 12 52.20   15.6       ~ 55 0
164 2MASX J17075859+5630457 G 17 07 58.6754895191 +56 30 46.061110629   17.0       ~ 9 0
165 NGC 6789 G 19 16 41.169 +63 58 23.90   13.76       ~ 93 1

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2020.02.17-10:20:14

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