Query : 2001A&A...373..113B

2001A&A...373..113B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 373, 113-121 (2001/7-1)

Cold gas kinematics in an L* spiral galaxy at z = 0.437: The nature of damped Lyman-α absorbers.


Abstract (from CDS):

Westerbork Radio Synthesis Telescope observations of the redshifted 21 cm line absorber against the zem=0.871 double lobed quasar 3C 196 show that the intervening absorber is an L≃L* spiral galaxy (3C 196-G1) and that the absorbing layer of cold gas extends to radii of at least 30 h50–1kpc. The new data solve several long standing puzzles about this system by (1) discovering a second 21 cm absorption feature, corresponding to absorption against the NE lobe of the background radio source and (2) spatially ``resolving'' the two absorption features to isolate the absorption along the two lines of sight to the opposing radio lobes. These findings resolve the disagreement in redshift between the UV metal and 21 cm lines, and as well as demonstrating that the neutral layer does absorb both lobes of the background radio source. Simple kinematic models with an inclined, rotating gas disk match the observed 21 cm profile and are also compatible with both the redshift and velocity spread of the absorption measured in UV resonance lines along a third, independent line of sight to the quasar nucleus and with the lack of 21 cm absorption in as earlier VLBI experiment that was sensitive to opacity against the hot spot in the northern lobe. The inferred rotation speed and luminosity for the galaxy are compatible with the z≃0 Tully-Fisher Relation. This system illustrates well how 21 cm absorption against extended background radio sources is a powerful tool in determining the nature of the damped Lyman-α class of QSO absorption line system.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: active - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: interaction - radio lines: galaxies

Nomenclature: [BDV2001] 3C 196 GN (Nos G1-G2).

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 ICRF J054236.1+495107 Sy1 05 42 36.1380355416 +49 51 07.232213736   18.45 17.80 17.210   ~ 1393 1
2 3C 196 Sy1 08 13 36.0561170112 +48 13 02.644966020   18.36 17.79     ~ 515 2

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