Query : 2001A&A...373..281D

2001A&A...373..281D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 373, 281-291 (2001/7-1)

Dust in the Tycho, Kepler and Crab supernova remnants.


Abstract (from CDS):

SuperNova Remnants (SNR) have been extensively studied in radio, X-rays and optical, but barely in the InfraRed (IR). From IRAS observations, SNR are known to be IR emitters, but the origin of the emission is difficult to assess because of the limited angular and spectral resolution of IRAS observations. ISO follow-up observations of the Cassiopeia-A SNR have shown that the mid-IR radiation from this remnant was dominated by thermal emission from silicate condensates made from SN material. These condensates constitute a probe which can provide unique information about element mixing inside a SN. In this paper, we present ISOCAM observations of the three other young SNR's known in our galaxy: the Kepler SNR, the Tycho SNR and the Crab Nebula. The emission observed from the Kepler SNR is dominated by dust thermal emission. The dust at the origin of the IR emission is circumstellar, not from SN condensates. ``Astronomical'' silicates, collisionally heated to a temperature of 107K, can account for both the mid-IR ISO data and the IRAS data. The IR emission from Tycho is probably also emitted by circumstellar or interstellar dust. In order to reproduce both the mid-IR ISO data and the IRAS data, a model with two dust components, one at a temperature of 107K and the other at 55K, is needed. The mid-IR emission from the Crab is dominated by synchrotron radiation; no dust is detected.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: supernova remnants - individual object: Kepler, Crab, Tycho

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 SN 1572A SN* 00 25 21.5 +64 08 27           B8 1136 1
2 V* CM Tau Psr 05 34 31.9474694616 +22 00 52.153698024           ~ 5062 0
3 M 1 SNR 05 34 32 +22 00.8           ~ 5938 1
4 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4721 2
5 NAME Kepler SNR Rad 17 30 35.976 -21 28 56.23           ~ 757 4

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