2001A&A...373..402S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.24CEST18:14:32

2001A&A...373..402S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 373, 402-437 (2001/7-2)

Properties of tidally-triggered vertical disk perturbations.

SCHWARZKOPF U. and DETTMAR R.-J.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a detailed analysis of the properties of warps and tidally-triggered perturbations perpendicular to the plane of 47 interacting/merging edge-on spiral galaxies. The derived parameters are compared with those obtained for a sample of 61 non-interacting edge-on spirals. The entire optical (R-band) sample used for this study was presented in two previous papers. We find that the scale height of disks in the interacting/merging sample is characterized by perturbations on both large (≃ disk cut-off radius) and short (≃z0) scales, with amplitudes of the order of 280pc and 130pc on average, respectively. The size of these large (short) -scale instabilities corresponds to 14% (6%) of the mean disk scale height. This is a factor of 2 (1.5) larger than the value found for non-interacting galaxies. A hallmark of nearly all tidally distorted disks is a scale height that increases systematically with radial distance. The frequent occurrence and the significantly larger size of these gradients indicate that disk asymmetries on large scales are a common and persistent phenomenon, while local disturbances and bending instabilities decline on shorter timescales. Nearly all (93%) of the interacting/merging and 45% of the non-interacting galaxies studied are noticeably warped. Warps of interacting/merging galaxies are ≃2.5 times larger on average than those observed in the non-interacting sample, with sizes of the order of 340pc and 140pc, respectively. This indicates that tidal distortions do considerably contribute to the formation and size of warps. However, they cannot entirely explain the frequent occurrence of warped disks.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: general - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: structure - galaxies: statistics

Simbad objects: 113

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Number of rows : 113

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 7 G 00 08 20.3 -29 55 01   13.88   13.23 13.9 ~ 49 0
2 NGC 100 LSB 00 24 02.837 +16 29 11.00   14.6       ~ 113 0
3 ESO 150-7 G 00 25 36.6629986332 -57 11 25.971213850   15.28   14.26   ~ 10 0
4 UGC 260 GiP 00 27 02.911 +11 35 01.72   14.0       ~ 66 1
5 ESO 112-4 G 00 28 04.405 -58 06 11.02   15.93   14.69   ~ 24 0
6 NGC 128 GiG 00 29 15.047 +02 51 50.60   13.2       ~ 189 0
7 ESO 150-14 GiG 00 36 37.6346855324 -56 54 23.823088632   14.95   13.84   ~ 22 0
8 APG 121 IG 00 59 24.8 -04 47 57           ~ 12 0
9 UGC 711 GiC 01 08 37.00344 +01 38 28.3596   14.2   14.1 14.2 ~ 73 0
10 AM 0107-375 G 01 09 38.80 -37 41 57.0           ~ 4 0
11 ESO 296-17 IG 01 23 55.362 -38 00 43.60   16.38   15.26   ~ 10 0
12 ESO 244-48 GiG 01 39 08.971 -47 07 39.15   15.61   14.14   ~ 24 0
13 ESO 354-5 G 01 52 07.049 -33 31 48.08   15.95   14.48   ~ 20 0
14 ESO 245-10 G 01 56 44.484 -43 58 21.18   14.32   13.02 13.9 ~ 40 0
15 UGC 1839 G 02 22 30.151 -00 37 01.33   16.10   14.43 14.7 ~ 46 0
16 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1534 2
17 ESO 416-25 GiC 02 48 40.805 -31 32 10.62   14.68   13.30 13.7 ~ 62 0
18 UGC 2411 G 02 58 47.319 +75 44 40.14   16.5       ~ 40 0
19 NGC 1165 G 02 58 47.673 -32 05 57.23   13.66       ~ 28 0
20 IC 1877 G 03 03 09.58 -50 30 42.9   16.30   15.55   ~ 9 0
21 ESO 199-12 G 03 03 24.444 -50 29 42.97   15.57   14.23   ~ 23 0
22 IC 1913 GiC 03 19 34.578 -32 27 54.41   14.38   13.54 14.2 ~ 68 0
23 NGC 1326 GiG 03 23 56.397 -36 27 52.78 11.69 11.43 10.54 10.02 10.9 ~ 240 1
24 NGC 1406 EmG 03 39 23.3038688087 -31 19 17.505737604   12.42   11.24 11.9 ~ 106 0
25 ESO 201-22 G 04 08 59.922 -48 43 37.49   14.73   14.3 13.8 ~ 52 0
26 NGC 1531 GiP 04 11 59.329 -32 51 02.85   13.11   12.12   ~ 55 0
27 NGC 1532 GiP 04 12 04.334 -32 52 27.16   10.65   9.34 10.4 ~ 133 0
28 NGC 1556 EmG 04 17 44.8006684028 -50 09 51.554518057   13.53   14.0 13.5 ~ 47 0
29 ESO 362-11 G 05 16 38.800 -37 06 09.07   13.05   11.78 12.5 ~ 75 0
30 NGC 1886 EmG 05 21 48.146 -23 48 36.71   13.62   12.28   ~ 72 0
31 NGC 1888 IG 05 22 34.442 -11 29 58.34   13   11.47   ~ 58 0
32 IC 2135 GiG 05 33 12.894 -36 23 55.69   13.27   12.11 12.3 ~ 69 1
33 ESO 487-35 G 05 42 00.526 -22 56 48.20   13.41   12.87 13.4 ~ 25 0
34 NGC 2188 EmG 06 10 09.53 -34 06 22.3   12.10 11.82 11.39   ~ 95 0
35 UGC 3474 G 06 32 37.610 +71 33 39.42   15.60       ~ 47 0
36 NGC 2310 G 06 53 53.9850732080 -40 51 45.763988277 13.20 12.68 11.76 11.16   ~ 74 1
37 NAME GB 1 GiG 07 11 22.540 +71 50 10.94   13.1       ~ 62 0
38 IC 2233 LSB 08 13 58.909 +45 44 31.74 12.87 13.41 12.63 12.80   ~ 203 1
39 NGC 2788A AGN 09 02 39.404 -68 13 36.59   13.98   12.33   ~ 58 0
40 NGC 2772 EmG 09 07 41.869 -23 37 17.23   14.19   12.51   ~ 35 0
41 ESO 564-27 G 09 11 54.664 -20 07 00.82   14.39   13.03 13.0 ~ 59 0
42 IC 2461 Sy2 09 19 58.030 +37 11 27.77   15.1       ~ 110 0
43 IC 2469 G 09 23 01.058 -32 26 59.14   12   10.51   ~ 46 0
44 NGC 3044 G 09 53 40.884 +01 34 46.74   12.7   12.7 12.3 ~ 197 1
45 UGC 5341 GiG 09 56 35.984 +20 38 44.01   15.5       ~ 46 0
46 IC 2531 EmG 09 59 55.5936541733 -29 37 04.411552488   13.19   11.54 12.1 ~ 132 1
47 NGC 3187 GiP 10 17 47.8695015096 +21 52 24.005791156 13.71 13.91 13.44 14.06   ~ 145 1
48 ESO 317-29 GiG 10 27 44.784 -40 26 06.07   13.83 13.33 11.98   ~ 32 0
49 ESO 264-29 G 10 40 10.8599110084 -47 06 27.155156036   15.68   14.68   ~ 14 0
50 NGC 3390 LIN 10 48 04.343 -31 32 00.04   13.24 13.41 11.43   ~ 80 0
51 NGC 3432 IG 10 52 31.132 +36 37 07.60   11.81 11.67 11.29   ~ 256 1
52 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 758 3
53 ESO 319-26 G 11 30 19.805 -41 03 58.11   15.99   15.55 15.3 ~ 25 0
54 ESO 378-13 GiG 11 37 08.2887202119 -32 49 16.864866247   15.45   13.97   ~ 18 0
55 NGC 3957 GiG 11 54 01.542 -19 34 07.40   13.00   11.42   ~ 83 0
56 NGC 4013 GiG 11 58 31.417 +43 56 49.28   12.4       ~ 372 1
57 ESO 379-20 G 12 00 58.3614077062 -35 11 38.769166663   15.50   14.34   ~ 20 0
58 ESO 379-21 EmG 12 01 01.172 -35 12 55.53   14.90   13.78   ~ 21 0
59 ESO 572-44 EmG 12 01 08.580 -20 29 19.84   15.09   13.31   ~ 27 0
60 UGC 7170 GiC 12 10 36.954 +18 49 40.10   15.2       ~ 74 0
61 ESO 321-10 EmG 12 11 42.089 -38 32 54.82   14.26   12.39   ~ 55 0
62 NGC 4183 GiG 12 13 16.860 +43 41 53.77   13.5       ~ 171 0
63 NGC 4217 GiG 12 15 50.900 +47 05 30.44   12.4       ~ 255 2
64 NGC 4244 GiG 12 17 29.659 +37 48 25.60   10.71   9.99   ~ 517 1
65 UGC 7321 EmG 12 17 34.021 +22 32 23.35   14.07   13.21   ~ 227 0
66 NGC 4302 GiP 12 21 42.477 +14 35 51.94   13.4 11.61     ~ 290 0
67 NGC 4330 GiG 12 23 17.249 +11 22 04.73   14.0       ~ 189 0
68 NGC 4565 LIN 12 36 20.804 +25 59 14.61   13.61 12.43     ~ 875 0
69 NGC 4631 GiP 12 42 08.009 +32 32 29.44   9.78 9.19 9.10   ~ 978 2
70 NGC 4634 GiP 12 42 40.986 +14 17 45.15   13.6       ~ 164 0
71 NGC 4710 H2G 12 49 38.958 +15 09 55.76   11.6       ~ 280 0
72 NGC 4747 GiP 12 51 45.592 +25 46 30.12   13.2       ~ 147 1
73 NGC 4762 LIN 12 52 56.049 +11 13 50.88   11.1       ~ 340 0
74 ESO 443-21 EmG 12 59 45.894 -29 36 00.98   14.45   13.30 13.9 ~ 59 0
75 NGC 5126 GiG 13 24 53.595 -30 20 00.98   14.09   12.73   ~ 30 0
76 ESO 324-23 G 13 27 28.4104332198 -38 10 35.493006394   13.08   12.42 12.9 ~ 43 0
77 ESO 383-5 EmG 13 29 23.551 -34 16 16.82   14.25   12.82 12.9 ~ 49 0
78 NGC 5170 GiP 13 29 48.7692793063 -17 57 59.388785092   12.08 10.79 10.63 11.0 ~ 164 0
79 NGC 5297 GiP 13 46 23.694 +43 52 19.34   12.3       ~ 144 0
80 ESO 445-63 GiC 13 52 07.910 -30 49 41.90   15.74   14.25   ~ 21 0
81 ESO 510-18 G 13 55 31.685 -27 24 53.72   16.21   15.44   ~ 7 0
82 NGC 5529 GiP 14 15 34.226 +36 13 37.12   12.9       ~ 141 2
83 UGC 9242 GiG 14 25 21.152 +39 32 21.52   14.8       ~ 84 0
84 NGC 5775 GiP 14 53 57.653 +03 32 40.10   13.0 11.34     ~ 396 2
85 NGC 5906 GiG 15 15 53.687 +56 19 43.86   11.4       ~ 689 1
86 NGC 5908 GiG 15 16 43.220 +55 24 33.29   13.5       ~ 147 1
87 NGC 5965 LIN 15 34 02.286 +56 41 08.47   13.4       ~ 106 0
88 ESO 583-8 G 15 57 50.431 -22 29 38.96   16.69   15.02   ~ 27 0
89 NGC 6045 LIN 16 05 07.8830149814 +17 45 27.693498554   14.8       ~ 100 0
90 NGC 6181 GiG 16 32 20.969 +19 49 35.77   12.7       ~ 226 0
91 NGC 6361 IG 17 18 41.081 +60 36 29.36   13.87       ~ 74 1
92 ESO 230-11 G 18 46 23.064 -52 09 23.05   15.10   14.47   ~ 11 0
93 NGC 6722 GiG 19 03 40.3879441846 -64 53 40.114650513   13.56   11.92   ~ 41 0
94 ESO 461-6 G 19 51 55.0 -31 58 48   16.29   14.57   ~ 21 0
95 ESO 339-16 G 20 00 06.665 -40 43 05.08   15.40   13.84   ~ 16 0
96 IC 4937 GiG 20 05 17.563 -56 15 22.32   14.91   13.41   ~ 37 0
97 IC 4991 GiG 20 18 23.276 -41 03 00.60   12.33   10.80   ~ 53 0
98 ESO 187-8 G 20 43 24.932 -56 12 13.28   15.76   14.61   ~ 29 0
99 IC 5052 G 20 52 01.633 -69 11 35.93 12.83 12.20 11.66 11.40   ~ 138 0
100 IC 5096 GiG 21 18 21.511 -63 45 38.43   13.32   11.73 12.3 ~ 60 0
101 ESO 466-1 GiG 21 42 32.659 -29 22 02.80   14.67   13.28   ~ 28 1
102 ESO 189-12 G 21 55 38.884 -54 52 34.41   15.65   14.29   ~ 33 0
103 NVSS J215807+010042 rG 21 58 07.332 +01 00 31.95   15.16   14.0 14.1 ~ 59 1
104 ESO 533-4 GiC 22 14 03.018 -26 56 15.77   14.21   13.00 13.4 ~ 69 0
105 IC 5199 EmG 22 19 33.223 -37 32 01.82   14.72       ~ 41 0
106 UGC 11994 G 22 20 53.123 +33 17 43.37   15.0       ~ 50 0
107 UGC 12281 LSB 22 59 12.107 +13 36 05.34   15.2       ~ 56 0
108 NGC 7518 GiP 23 13 12.7537321282 +06 19 18.411674658   14.5       ~ 88 0
109 UGC 12423 GiG 23 13 13.1890838217 +06 25 49.179169348   14.8       ~ 75 0
110 ESO 604-6 G 23 14 54.258 -20 59 45.34   15.15       ~ 30 0
111 AM 1134-323 G ~ ~           ~ 2 0
112 AM 0531-362 G ~ ~           ~ 1 0
113 AM 0122-380 G ~ ~           ~ 1 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.10.24-18:14:32

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