2001A&A...374..936L


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.09.19CEST05:04:26

2001A&A...374..936L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 374, 936-956 (2001/8-2)

Sources of carbon and the evolution of the abundance of CNO elements.

LIANG Y.C., ZHAO G. and SHI J.R.

Abstract (from CDS):

Using the standard infall model of Galactic chemical evolution, we explore the origin of carbon and calculate the abundance evolution of CNO elements for 8 different models of stellar nucleosynthesis yields. The results show that, in the early stage of the Galaxy, massive stars are the main producer of carbon, and that as our Galaxy evolves to the late stage, the longer lived intermediate- and low-mass stars play an increasingly important role, while at the same time, metal-rich Wolf-Rayet stars eject a significant amount of carbon into the ISM by radiative-driven stellar winds. However, from the present published nucleosynthesis yields we cannot distinguish whether the main source of carbon in the late Galactic stage is just the massive stars (M>8M) alone, or just the intermediate-, low-mass stars and M≤40M massive stars that do not go through the Wolf-Rayet stage. The 12C(α,γ)16O reaction rate is very important in the stellar nucleosynthesis calculations: a lower rate will give a higher yield of carbon. The contribution to nitrogen is dominated by intermediate- and low-mass stars, and the secondary source of massive stars cannot explain the observed [N/Fe] in metal-poor stars. Most of oxygen is produced by massive stars. The fact that a higher O abundance in metal-poor stars is derived from the OI 7771-7775Å triplet than from the forbidden [OI] line at 6300Å poses a problem.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - stars: AGB - stars: supernova - stars: Wolf-Rayet - Galaxy: abundance - Galaxy: evolution

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 HD 25329 PM* 04 03 14.9983565018 +35 16 23.806254921 9.75 9.37 8.50 7.75 7.23 K1VbFe-2 341 0
2 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07   4.75 4.81     SN.IIPec 4364 2
3 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.396 +65 36 09.17 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1565 1
4 HD 74000 PM* 08 40 50.8038415228 -16 20 42.513275817 9.84 10.09 9.66     F2 239 0
5 SN 1993J SN* 09 55 24.77476 +69 01 13.7026   10.8 12.0     SN.IIb 1221 1
6 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2462 2

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.09.19-05:04:26

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