2001A&A...377..538S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.02CET02:58:23

2001A&A...377..538S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 377, 538-556 (2001/10-2)

X-ray emission from young stars in Taurus-Auriga-Perseus: Luminosity functions and the rotation - activity - age - relation.

STELZER B. and NEUHAEUSER R.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report on a systematic search for X-ray emission from pre-main sequence and young main sequence stars in the Taurus-Auriga-Perseus region. Our stellar sample consists of all T Tauri stars from the Taurus-Auriga region, and all late-type stars from the Pleiades and Hyades clusters which have been observed by the ROSAT PSPC in pointed observations. We present the X-ray parameters for all observed stars in tables. Next to the basic results of the data analysis (such as count rates, exposure time, and off-axis angle) we give X-ray luminosities and hardness ratios for all detected stars. Upper limits are given for non-detections. Detection rates for different spectral types are compiled. We use these results to study the connection between coronal X-ray activity and stellar parameters for different subgroups of our sample. In particular we compile X-ray luminosity functions (XLF), and discuss the relations between X-ray emission and spectral type, age, and rotation, which have been disputed extensively in the past. Here, we study these questions with the largest sample so far. The XLF for classical and weak-line T Tauri stars are different, with weak-lines being the stronger X-ray emitters. Proceeding towards the main-sequence (Pleiades, Hyades) the X-ray luminosity declines for all spectral types examined (G, K, and M stars). Within an age group Lx decreases towards later spectral types, while Lx/Lbol remains constant or even increases, reflecting the opposed influence of stellar radius, i.e. emitting area, and convection zone depth. For a given spectral type the fastest rotators show the highest X-ray luminosity. Rotation rate and X-ray emission are clearly correlated for all groups of stars with power law indices for log(Lx/Lbol) versus logProt of ~-0.7 to -1.5. The study of XLF for binary stars shows that the known unresolved secondaries likely contribute a significant amount to the X-ray emission.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): X-rays: stars - stars: late-type, pre-main sequence, coronae, activity

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 ACO 426 ClG 03 19 47.2 +41 30 47           ~ 2001 1
2 NGC 1333 OpC 03 29 11 +31 18.6           ~ 1252 1
3 NAME Tau-Aur-Per Region reg 03 33 +31.0           ~ 32 0
4 IC 348 OpC 03 44 34 +32 09.8           ~ 1245 1
5 Cl Melotte 22 OpC 03 47 00 +24 07.0           ~ 3061 0
6 LDN 1495E Cl* 04 13 30.7 +28 19 15           ~ 31 0
7 NAME Auriga reg 04 20 00.0 +38 05 00           ~ 178 0
8 Cl Melotte 25 OpC 04 26 54.00 +15 52 00.0           ~ 2740 0
9 NAME Tau-Aur Complex SFR 04 30 +25.0           ~ 1246 0
10 NAME Taurus Cluster Cl* 06 10.1 +09 05           ~ 65 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.03.02-02:58:23

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