2002A&A...383..558L


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.04.10CEST14:39:07

2002A&A...383..558L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 383, 558-567 (2002/2-4)

The spectroscopic binaries 21 Her and γ Gem.

LEHMANN H., ANDRIEVSKY S.M., EGOROVA I., HILDEBRANDT G., KOROTIN S.A., PANOV K.P., SCHOLZ G. and SCHOENBERNER D.

Abstract (from CDS):

In the framework of a search campaign for short-term oscillations of early-type stars we analysed recently obtained spectroscopic and photometric observations of the early A-type spectroscopic binaries 21 Her and γ Gem. From the radial velocities of 21 Her we derived an improved orbital period and a distinctly smaller eccentricity in comparison with the values known up to now. Moreover, fairly convincing evidence exists for an increase of the orbital period with time. In addition to the orbital motion we find further periods in the orbital residuals. The longest period of 57.7d is most likely due to a third body which has the mass of a brown dwarf, whereas the period of 1.48d could be related to the half rotational period of the star. For the spectral types we deduced A1III for the primary and M for the secondary. Two further periods of 0.21d and 0.22d give hint to the existence of short-term pulsations in 21 Her. Their period difference is of the order of the expected rotational period so that one possible explanation could be rotational splitting of nonradial pulsation modes. Because of the very strong aliasing of the data this finding has to be confirmed by observations having a more suitable time sampling, however. The analysis of photometric series and the Hipparcos photometry give no certain evidence for periodic light variations. For γ Gem, besides the orbital RV variation, no variations with amplitudes larger than about 100m/s could be detected. The orbital elements of γ Gem are only slightly changed compared to the previously known orbital solution by including our new radial velocities, but their accuracy is improved. For some chemical elements we determined their abundances, NLTE values of C, O, and Na as well as LTE values of Mg, Sc, Fe, Cr, and Ti. We find the abundances to be rather close to the solar values, only carbon shows a little underabundance.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: binaries: spectroscopic - stars: individual: 21 Her, γ Gem - stars: oscillations - stars: abundances

Simbad objects: 8

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Number of rows : 8

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 * gam Gem SB* 06 37 42.71050 +16 23 57.4095 1.98 1.92 1.92 1.86 1.87 A1.5IV+ 490 0
2 * tet Vir ** 13 09 56.9843568248 -05 32 20.465727623   4.385 4.397     A1IVs 243 0
3 * gam UMi dS* 15 20 43.7160391 +71 50 02.459561   3.067 3.002     A2III 143 0
4 * gam CrB dS* 15 42 44.56551 +26 17 44.2847           A0V 200 0
5 * o Her SB* 16 24 10.8287234859 +06 56 53.556182331   5.828 5.819     A1III 73 0
6 * n Her * 16 32 35.6857867065 +05 31 16.396436559 5.39 5.57 5.63     B9.5III 112 0
7 * alf Lyr dS* 18 36 56.33635 +38 47 01.2802 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.10 A0Va 2541 0
8 V* ET And a2* 23 17 56.0111846905 +45 29 20.119666660   6.447 6.479     A0VpSiSr 142 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.04.10-14:39:07

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