# 2002A&A...396..117K

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 Query : 2002A&A...396..117K

2002A&A...396..117K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 396, 117-123 (2002/12-2)

Second parameter globulars and dwarf spheroidals around the Local Group massive galaxies: What can they evidence?

KRAVTSOV V.

Abstract (from CDS):

We suggest that the majority of the young'', so-called second parameter'' globular clusters (SPGCs) have originated in the outer Galactic halo due to a process other than a tidal disruption of the dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies. Basic observational evidence regarding both the dSphs and the SPGCs, coupled with the latest data about a rather large relative number of such clusters among globulars in M 33 and their low portion in M 31, seems to be consistent with the suspected process. It might have taken place within the system of the most massive galaxies of the Local Group (LG) at the earliest stages of their formation and evolution. We argue that the origin and basic characteristics of the SPGCs can naturally be explained as a result of mass outflow from M 31, during and due to formation of its Pop. II stars, and subsequent accretion of gas onto its massive companions, the Galaxy and M 33. An amount of the gas accreted onto the Milky Way is expected to have been quite enough for the formation in the outer Galactic halo not only of the clusters under consideration but also a number of those dSph galaxies which are as young as the SPGCs. A less significant, but notable mass transfer from the starbursting protoGalaxy to the massive members of the LG might have occurred, too.

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: formation - Galaxy: halo - globular clusters: general - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: interactions

Full paper

 Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME Cetus Dwarf Galaxy G 00 26 10.8 -11 03 14     13.2     ~ 217 0
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11792 1
3 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.8965749232 +30 39 36.630403128 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5488 1
4 NAME Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy in Sex G 10 13 02.9 -01 36 53   12 10.4     ~ 773 0
5 M 68 GlC 12 39 27.98 -26 44 38.6   10.26 7.96     ~ 935 0
6 M 92 GlC 17 17 07.39 +43 08 09.4     6.52     ~ 1997 0
7 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7638 0

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2022.05.22-00:48:40