2003A&A...398..937B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.13CEST01:14:32

2003A&A...398..937B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 398, 937-948 (2003/2-2)

The polarized disk in M31 at λ6 cm.

BERKHUIJSEN E.M., BECK R. and HOERNES P.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a radio continuum survey of M31 at λ6.2cm with high sensitivity in total power and polarization, observed with the 100-m Effelsberg dish with an angular resolution of 2.4'. (1) Combination with the VLA + Effelsberg map at λ20.5cm in total power yielded a spectral index map at 3' resolution. Both the spectrum of the integrated emission and the spectral index distribution across M31 indicate a nonthermal spectral index αn=1.0±0.2. We derived maps of thermal and nonthermal emission at λ6.2cm. Radial profiles of the various emission components north and south of the minor axis revealed that the stronger total emission in the northern part of M31 is entirely due to stronger thermal emission, whereas the profiles of nonthermal and polarized emission are nearly identical on either side of the minor axis. This suggests that recent star formation does not lead to a local increase of the number of relativistic electrons and/or magnetic field strength. (2) We discuss several properties of the polarized emission from M31 and their implications for the magnetic field. At λ6.2cm the polarized intensity systematically varies along the bright ``ring'' of emission which shows that the regular magnetic field, Breg, is nearly aligned with the spiral arms forming this ``ring''. The variation of the rotation measures between λ11.1cm and λ6.2cm, RM(11,6), across the galaxy confirms this alignment. The nonthermal degree of polarization reaches values >50% near the polarization maxima, implying that the magnetic field in M31 is exceptionally regular. (3) We derived the distribution of the nonthermal depolarization between λ11.1cm and λ6.2cm, DPn(11,6), which is a measure of Faraday depolarization. Gradients in RM(11, 6) may be an important cause of Faraday depolarization in M31. The lack of anticorrelation between the thermal emission, which comes mainly from dense HII regions with small filling factors, and RM(11,6) and DPn(11,6) indicates that rotation measures and Faraday depolarization originate in the extended diffuse ionized gas.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: M31 - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: magnetic fields - ISM: magnetic fields - radio continuum: galaxies - polarization

Simbad objects: 13

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Number of rows : 13

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NVSS J003956+411138 Rad 00 39 56.30 +41 11 38.4           ~ 13 1
2 NVSS J004013+410845 Rad 00 40 13.3 +41 08 45           ~ 12 1
3 5C 3.95 G 00 41 24.30 +40 12 31.8           ~ 10 1
4 WSTB 37W91 Rad 00 41 41.06 +41 03 36.8           ~ 13 0
5 5C 3.107 Rad 00 42 18.74 +41 29 28.2           ~ 18 0
6 BD+41 114 * 00 42 35.4368490227 +41 57 46.904673057   10.82 9.26 11.0   K0 12 0
7 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 10905 1
8 NVSS J004341+405429 Rad 00 43 41.20 +40 54 29.1           ~ 13 1
9 5C 3.124 Rad 00 43 54.29 +40 46 37.6           ~ 10 0
10 RX J004359.8+415656 X 00 43 58.70 +41 57 16.0           ~ 13 1
11 5C 3.163 Rad 00 46 47.6 +42 09 06           ~ 11 0
12 ICRF J052109.8+163822 Sy1 05 21 09.88592749 +16 38 22.0517668   19.37 18.84 18.480   ~ 746 1
13 3C 286 Sy1 13 31 08.2885060664 +30 30 32.960825108   17.51 17.25     ~ 3716 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.13-01:14:32

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