Query : 2003A&A...405..975B

2003A&A...405..975B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 405, 975-980 (2003/7-3)

High-z nebulae: Ionization by stars or by an obscured QSO?


Abstract (from CDS):

The gravitational arc observed by Holden et al. (2001AJ....122..629H) at z=3.356 reveals strong emission lines of NIV]λ1485, CIVλλ1549, OIII]λ1665 but no NVλ1240. The lines were modelled assuming photoionization by a thermal distribution hotter than 60000K. This paper considers an alternative ionizing source consisting of a partially absorbed powerlaw. We compare the line ratios from a low metallicity nebula (Ztotal=0.05Z) photoionized by such filtered continuum with those produced by a zero-metallicity star of Teff=80000K. We find that the latter generally produces stronger emission lines of C, N and O than the absorbed powerlaw, even when their respective HeII/Hβ ratio is matched. The absorbed powerlaw generates NVλ1240, OVIλ1035 and [NeV]λ3426 nebular lines weaker than the canonical direct powerlaw, although at a much higher level than the 80000K stellar atmosphere. As a result of the large partially ionized zone created by the absorbed powerlaw, the optical [OI]λ6300 and [SII]λ6731 lines and the CII]λ2326 and MgIIλλ2800 lines in the UV are much stronger than in the stellar case. These constitute the best discriminant for differentiating the predictions of the absorbed case from those of the stellar model.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): line: formation - quasars: emission lines - galaxies: formation - cosmology: early Universe

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 ClG J0848+4456 ClG 08 48 46.9 +44 56 22           ~ 60 1
2 NAME Lynx Arc LeI 08 48 48.76 +44 55 48.6           ~ 39 0
3 [HSR2001] Arc A LeI ~ ~           ~ 5 0
4 [HSR2001] Arc B LeI ~ ~           ~ 5 0

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