# 2003A&A...407..691K

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 Query : 2003A&A...407..691K

2003A&A...407..691K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 407, 691-703 (2003/8-4)

Kinetic equilibrium of iron in the atmospheres of cool stars. III. The ionization equilibrium of selected reference stars.

KORN A.J., SHI J. and GEHREN T.

Abstract (from CDS):

Non-LTE line formation calculations of FeI are performed for a small number of reference stars to investigate and quantify the efficiency of neutral hydrogen collisions. Using the atomic model that was described in previous publications, the final discrimination with respect to hydrogen collisions is based on the condition that the surface gravities as determined by the FeI/FeII ionization equilibria are in agreement with their astrometric counterparts obtained from Hipparcos parallaxes. High signal-to-noise, high-resolution echelle spectra are analysed to determine individual profile fits and differential abundances of iron lines. Depending on the choice of the hydrogen collision scaling factor SH, we find deviations from LTE in FeI ranging from 0.00 (SH=∞) to 0.46dex (SH=0 for HD 140283) in the logarithmic abundances while FeII follows LTE. With the exception of Procyon, for which a mild temperature correction is needed to fulfil the ionization balance, excellent consistency is obtained for the metal-poor reference stars if Balmer profile temperatures are combined with SH=3. This value is much higher than what is found for simple atoms like Li or Ca, both from laboratory measurements and inference of stellar analyses. The correct choice of collisional damping parameters (van-der-Waals'' constants) is found to be generally more important for these little evolved metal-poor stars than considering departures from LTE. For the Sun the calibrated value for SH leads to average FeI non-LTE corrections of 0.02dex and a mean abundance from FeI lines of logε(Fe)=7.49±0.08. We confront the deduced stellar parameters with comparable spectroscopic analyses by other authors which also rely on the iron ionization equilibrium as a gravity indicator. On the basis of the Hipparcos astrometry our results are shown to be an order of magnitude more precise than published data sets, both in terms of offset and star-to-star scatter.

Journal keyword(s): line: formation - Sun: abundances - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: abundances - stars: individual: HD 140283 - stars: individual: Procyon

Full paper

 Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 BPS CS 29497-0004 Pe* 00 28 06.9155612016 -26 03 04.269055032   14.76 14.07 13.583 13.116 ~ 52 0
2 HE 0107-5240 Pe* 01 09 29.1555567432 -52 24 34.202039148   15.89 15.07 15.10 14.283 CEMP-no 237 0
3 HD 19445 PM* 03 08 25.5883873084 +26 19 51.400965175 8.29 8.52 8.06 7.60 7.27 G2VFe-3 761 0
4 * alf CMi SB* 07 39 18.11950 +05 13 29.9552 0.82 0.79 0.37 -0.05 -0.28 F5IV-V+DQZ 1841 0
5 HD 84937 Pe* 09 48 56.0992891997 +13 44 39.326709913 8.49 8.68 8.32 7.97 7.70 F8Vm-5 771 0
6 HD 103095 Pe* 11 52 58.7673387755 +37 43 07.254113125 7.38 7.20 6.45 5.80 5.35 K1V_Fe-1.5 778 1
7 HD 140283 Pe* 15 43 03.0971190219 -10 56 00.595693188 7.508 7.711 7.212 6.63 8.21 F9VkA5mA1 908 0

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2023.03.21-12:13:59