2003ApJ...589..157S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.10.14CEST00:47:30

2003ApJ...589..157S - Astrophys. J., 589, 157-178 (2003/May-3)

Models of the morphology, kinematics, and star formation history of the prototypical collisional starburst system NGC 7714/7715 = Arp 284.

STRUCK C. and SMITH B.J.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present new N-body, hydrodynamical simulations of the interaction between the starburst galaxy NGC 7714 and its poststarburst companion NGC 7715, focusing on the formation of the collisional features, including (1) the gas-rich star-forming bridge, (2) the large gaseous loop (and stellar tails) to the west of the system, (3) the very extended H I tail to the west and north of NGC 7714, and (4) the partial stellar ring in NGC 7714. Our simulations confirm the results of earlier work that an off-center inclined collision between two disk galaxies is almost certainly responsible for the peculiar morphologies of this system. However, we have explored a wider set of initial galaxy and collisional encounter parameters than previously and have found a relatively narrow range of parameters that reproduce all the major morphologies of this system. The simulations suggest specific mechanisms for the development of several unusual structures. We find that the complex gas bridge has up to four distinct components, with gas contributed from two sides of NGC 7715, as well as from NGC 7714. The observed gas-star offset in this bridge is accounted for in the simulations by the dissipative evolution of the gas. The models suggest that the most recently formed gas bridge component from NGC 7715 is interacting with gas from an older component. This interaction may have stimulated the band of star formation on the north side of the bridge. The models also indicate that the low surface brightness H I tail to the far west of NGC 7714 is the end of the NGC 7715 countertail, curved behind the two galaxies. The sensitivity of the tidal structures to collision parameters is demonstrated by comparisons between models with slightly different parameter values. Comparison of model and observational (H I) kinematics provides an important check that the morphological matches are not merely fortuitous. Line-of-sight velocity and dispersion fields from the model are found to match those of the observations reasonably well at current resolutions. Spectral evolutionary models of the NGC 7714 core by Lanon et al. suggest the possibility of multiple starbursts in the last 300 Myr. Our hydrodynamic models suggest that bursts could be triggered by induced ringlike waves and a postcollision buildup of gas in the core of the galaxy.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 7714/7715 - Galaxies: Interactions - Galaxies: Kinematics and Dynamics - Galaxies: Starburst - Methods: {em n}-Body Simulations

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 NGC 7714 GiP 23 36 14.099 +02 09 18.07   14.91 14.36     ~ 717 1
2 APG 284 PaG 23 36 19 +02 09.3   12.6       ~ 601 0
3 NGC 7715 GiP 23 36 21.768 +02 09 25.30   11.81 12.14     ~ 123 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.10.14-00:47:30

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