Query : 2004A&A...417...71A

2004A&A...417...71A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 417, 71-78 (2004/4-1)

X-ray flares reveal mass and angular momentum of the Galactic Center black hole.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have analysed the light curve of the two brightest X-ray flares from the Galactic Center black hole, one flare observed by XMM-Newton on October 3, 2002 (Porquet et al., 2003A&A...407L..17P), and the other flare observed by Chandra on October 26, 2000 (Baganoff et al., 2001Natur.413...45B). The power density spectra show five distinct peaks at periods of ∼100s, 219s, 700s, 1150s, and 2250s common to both observations within their estimated measurement uncertainties. The power density spectrum of the recently reported infrared flare of June 16, 2003 (Genzel et al., 2003Natur.425..934G) shows distinct peaks at two, if not three, periods (including the 1008 ±120s infrared period), which are consistent with the X-ray periods. The remaining two periods could not be covered by the infrared measurements. Each period can be identified with one of the characteristic gravitational cyclic modes associated with accretion disks, i.e. either Lense-Thirring precession, Kepler orbital motion and the vertical and radial epicyclic oscillation modes, in such a way that a consistent value for the black hole mass of MBH=2.72+0.12–0.19x106M and the angular momentum a=0.9939+0.0026–0.0074 is obtained. The available data on MBH derived from studies of the orbital motion of the S2 (S0-2) star (Schoedel et al., 2002Natur.419..694S; Ghez et al., 2003ApJ...586L.127G) agree with our findings. Finally we discuss some implications of the fairly high value for the angular momentum.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: center - X-rays: individual: Sgr A* - radiation mechanisms: general - relativity - Galaxy: nucleus - Galaxy: fundamental parameters

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 V* V1033 Sco HXB 16 54 00.137 -39 50 44.90   15.20 14.2 16.14   F5IV 1793 1
2 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13100 0
3 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3932 3

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