2004A&A...427....1E


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.12.03CET13:37:07

2004A&A...427....1E - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 427, 1-11 (2004/11-3)

First simultaneous NIR/X-ray detection of a flare from SgrA*.

ECKART A., BAGANOFF F.K., MORRIS M., BAUTZ M.W., BRANDT W.N., GARMIRE G.P., GENZEL R., OTT T., RICKER G.R., STRAUBMEIER C., VIEHMANN T., SCHOEDEL R., BOWER G.C. and GOLDSTON J.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report on the first simultaneous near-infrared/X-ray detection of the SgrA* counterpart associated with the massive 3-4x106M black hole at the center of the Milky Way. The observations have been carried out using the NACO adaptive optics (AO) instrument at the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope and the ACIS-I instrument aboard the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We also report on quasi-simultaneous observations at a wavelength of 3.4mm using the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association (BIMA) array. A flare was detected in the X-domain with an excess 2-8 keV luminosity of about 6x1033erg/s. A fading flare of Sgr A* with >2 times the interim-quiescent flux was also detected at the beginning of the NIR observations, that overlapped with the fading part of the X-ray flare. Compared to 8-9h before the NIR/X-ray flare we detected a marginally significant increase in the millimeter flux density of Sgr A* during measurements about 7-9 h afterwards. We find that the flaring state can be conveniently explained with a synchrotron self-Compton model involving up-scattered sub-millimeter photons from a compact source component, possibly with modest bulk relativistic motion. The size of that component is assumed to be of the order of a few times the Schwarzschild radius. The overall spectral indices αNIR/X–ray (Sν∝ν–α) of both states are quite comparable with a value of ∼1.3. Since the interim-quiescent X-ray emission is spatially extended, the spectral index for the interim-quiescent state is probably only a lower limit for the compact source Sgr A*. A conservative estimate of the upper limit of the time lag between the ends of the NIR and X-ray flare is of the order of 15-min.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - X-rays: general - infrared: general - accretion, accretion disks - Galaxy: center - Galaxy: nucleus

CDS comments: Objects S1, S2 and S8 are [EG97] S1, S2 and S8.

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 QSO B1730-130 QSO 17 33 02.70578476 -13 04 49.5481484   18 18.5 18.78 17.39 ~ 992 1
2 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3545 3
3 [EG97] S1 * 17 45 40.0418 -29 00 28.324           B0/2V 80 0
4 [EG97] S2 *i* 17 45 40.0442 -29 00 27.975           B0/2V 284 1
5 [EG97] S8 * 17 45 40.0716 -29 00 28.363           B0/2V 65 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.12.03-13:37:07

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