# 2005A&A...429..449M

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 Query : 2005A&A...429..449M

2005A&A...429..449M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 429, 449-467 (2005/1-2)

High spatial resolution mid-infrared spectroscopy of NGC 5253: The stellar content of the embedded super-star cluster.

MARTIN-HERNANDEZ N.L., SCHAERER D. and SAUVAGE M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present the N-band (8-13µm) spectrum of the hidden compact radio super-star cluster in NGC 5253, C2, obtained with TIMMI2 on the ESO 3.6m telescope. The spectrum is characterised by a rising continuum due to warm dust, a silicate absorption and a strong [SIV] line at 10.5µm. Weaker lines of [ArIII] at 9.0µm and [NeII] at 12.8µm are also present. The continuum can be modelled by an optically thick emission from hot (Td=253±1K) dust emission extinguished by a cold foreground dust screen and a silicate absorption feature with A_ sil_=0.73±0.05mag. We show how the spatial scale of the observations greatly determine the mid-IR appearance of NGC 5253 and the important implications that this has on the interpretation of line fluxes in terms of the properties (age, IMF, etc.) of the embedded cluster. We have modelled the observed line fluxes towards C2 using photoionisation models with the most recent spectral energy distributions available to describe the integrated properties of the stellar cluster. The detailed dependence of the mid-IR lines on parameters such as the cluster age, upper mass cutoff and power law index of the IMF, as well as the local abundance, the presence of internal dust and the density structure is largely discussed. Strong constraints on the geometry based on high spatial resolution observations at different wavelengths - near-IR (HST and Keck), mid-IR (TIMMI2) and radio (VLA) - allows us to restrain the ionisation parameters to values logU≥-0.5dex. This constraint on U leads to two possible solutions for the age and upper mass cutoff of C2:1) a young (<4Myr) cluster with a non-standard'' IMF having a low upper mass cutoff Mup<50M; and 2) a cluster of ∼5-6Myr with a standard high upper mass cutoff (Mup∼100M). A young age of <4Myr would agree with the lack of supernovae signatures in C2 and in case of being confirmed, would be the first indication for a non-standard'', low upper mass cutoff of the IMF for an individual massive cluster. An older age of ∼5-6Myr would imply that it is possible to contain'' and hide such a compact cluster for a longer time that what it is generally thought. Arguments in favour and against these two scenarios are presented. The origin of the [OIV] 25.9µm emission measured by ISO and the possible presence of an intermediate mass black hole inside C2 are also addressed.

Journal keyword(s): ISM: lines and bands - ISM: HII regions - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: star clusters - galaxies: individual: NGC 5253 - infrared: galaxies

Full paper

 Number of rows : 15
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 RMC 136 Cl* 05 38 42.396 -69 06 03.36           ~ 1857 1
2 [SWG2006] F Cl* 09 55 47.08 +69 40 42.3   17.61 16.50   14.94 ~ 61 0
3 MGG 11 Cl* 09 55 50.2 +69 40 45           ~ 69 0
4 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5583 6
5 [WS95] 405A Cl* 12 01 50.460 -18 52 13.89     17.0     ~ 20 0
6 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1296 1
7 NAME Antennae IG 12 01 53.170 -18 52 37.92           ~ 1617 0
8 NGC 4039 GiP 12 01 53.8 -18 53 06   11.08   9.77   ~ 1145 1
9 NGC 5253 AGN 13 39 55.990 -31 38 24.11 11.48 10.94 10.49 10.33   ~ 1311 4
10 NAME NGC 5353 Radio Supernebula Cl* 13 39 56.007 -31 38 25.00           ~ 48 0
11 * tet Cen PM* 14 06 40.94752 -36 22 11.8371 3.94 3.04 2.05 1.29 0.76 K0-IIIb 246 0
12 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 12906 0
13 NAME Arches Cluster Cl* 17 45 50.5 -28 49 28           ~ 685 0
14 NAME Quintuplet Cluster OpC 17 46 13.9 -28 49 48           ~ 490 0
15 [ATB2004] C2 Cl* ~ ~           ~ 8 0

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2022.05.24-05:43:14