C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.12.03CET12:02:46

2005A&A...429L..41M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 429, L41-45 (2005/1-3)

Gamma-ray bursts and other sources of giant lightning discharges in protoplanetary systems.


Abstract (from CDS):

Lightning in the solar nebula is considered to be one of the probable sources for producing the chondrules that are found in meteorites. Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) provide a large flux of γ-rays that Compton scatter and create a charge separation in the gas because the electrons are displaced from the positive ions. The electric field easily exceeds the breakdown value of ≃1V/m over distances of order 0.1AU. The energy in a giant lightning discharge exceeds a terrestrial lightning flash by a factor of ∼1012. The predicted post-burst emission of γ-rays from accretion into the newly formed black hole or spin-down of the magnetar is sufficiently intense to cause a lightning storm in the nebula that lasts for days and is more probable than the GRB because the radiation is beamed into a larger solid angle. The giant outbursts from nearby soft gamma-ray repeater sources (SGRs) are also capable of causing giant lightning discharges. The total amount of chondrules produced is in reasonable agreement with the observations of meteorites. Furthermore in the case of GRBs most chondrules were produced in a few major melting events by nearby GRBs and lightning occurred at effectively the same time over the whole nebula, and provide accurate time markers to the formation of chondrules and evolution of the solar nebula. This model provides a reasonable explanation for the delay between the formation of calcium aluminium inclusions (CAIs) and chondrules.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: bursts - solar system: formation - planetary systems: protoplanetary disks - planetary systems: formation

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 15064 1
2 SNR J052559-660453 SNR 05 26 00.4 -66 05 02     12.71     ~ 410 2
3 4B 941017 gB 20 06.2 +09 49           ~ 89 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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